Cameo103 masth102
August in Kentucky History

1 August –

1867 – Kentucky. Bell County created, from portions of Harlan and Knox counties. It is originally called Josh Bell County, named in honor of Joshua Fry Bell, whose great-grandfather Dr. Thomas Walker led the white party believed to have first explored the area. County seat is Pineville. [KE, p. 69]

1867 – Louisville, KY. Construction begins on a railroad bridge. It is located at Fourteenth Street, crosses to Corn Island, then to Clarksville, IN. James Guthrie had been granted a charter for a bridge company in 1829. The longest iron bridge at the time, it will open to traffic in February 1870. [KE, p. 581]

1867 – Kentucky. Robertson County formed from parts of Bracken, Harrison, Mason and Nicholas counties. It is named in honor of George Robertson, of the court of appeals. Seat is Mt. Olivet. [KE, p. 776-7]

1883 – Louisville, KY. Southern Exposition opens, with Thomas Edison illuminating 4,600 incandescent light bulbs.

1988 – Louisville, KY. The Office of African American Catholic Ministries (OAACM) established. [EL, p. 12]

1928 – Louisville, KY. The first regularly scheduled commercial airline service to Kentucky is inaugurated by Continental Air Lines (later American Airlines) between Cleveland, Ohio, and Bowman Field, Louisville. At first, only mail is carried; but a year later, passenger service is offered. [EL, p. 8]

1945 – Louisville, KY. Curtiss-Wright Aircraft Factory vacates factory facility. [EL, p. 235-6]

1956 – Louisville/Elizabethtown, KY. Kentucky Turnpike opens to traffic. (See 25 July 1954.) [KE, p. 515]

Births –

1838 – Lauterecken, Germany. Carl Christian Brenner born. He will become a well-known landscape artist, noted for his paintings of Louisville’s Cherokee Park, and of beech trees. [EL, p. 116]

1838 – Fisherville, KY. William Baird Hoke born. He will be Jefferson County judge 3 September 1866 – 31 December 1894. (See 5 August 1904.) [EL, p. 394]

1895 – Mayfield, KY. William Forrester Foster born. He will be one of only four Kentuckians to receive the Horatio Alger award (1966). [KE, p. 350]

Deaths –

1894 – Washington, DC. Joseph Holt dies. He is buried in the family cemetery in Holt, KY. (See 6 January 1807; Indiana 31 July 1861; 3 September 1862; 1 December 1875.) [KE, p. 438]

1952 – Larchmont, NY. Muir Weissinger dies. He was Louisville’s mayor 1 January 1910 – 31 December 1913. [EL, p. 931-2]

2 August –

1980 – Albany, KY. The 1895 Clinton County courthouse, the third county courthouse, burns. [KE, p. 10]

Deaths –

1928 – Indianapolis, IN. William Sylvester Taylor dies. He is buried in Indianapolis. He had fled north when he was indicted as an accessory to murder in the death of William Goebel. Indiana’s governor declined to extradite him. (See 10 October 1853; 12 December 1899; 30 January 1900; 31 January 1900.) [KE, p. 869-70]

3 August –

1865 – Louisville, KY. Mary Millicent Garretson and George “Old Natural” Miller marry. [KE, p. 638] “Old Natural” has earned his nickname by uncanny ability to handle a steamboat – he is a “natural.” Nineteen-year-old Mary will raise his three children, plus their four. She will become Old Natural’s partner in his boat business, building them in their Portland front yard and plying them up and down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Mary Miller will be the first woman to get her own pilot’s license. (See 16 February 1884; 30 October 1894.) [EL, p. 621]

1883 – Louisville, KY. The Southern Exposition opens with a crowd of 20,000. This evening, Thomas Edison throws the switch to illuminate 4,600 of his incandescent light bulbs. The Southern Exposition will last until 1887. [KE, p. 834-5]

1967 – Louisville, KY. Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King preaches at Green Street Baptist Church in support of a black voter registration drive. This will be his last visit to the city. (See 29 September 1844; 10 May 1846.) [EL, p. 358]

Births –

1883 – Stanford, KY. Sophia Kindrick Alcorn born. She will become a teacher of deaf and blind students, inventing the Tadoma method to teach deaf and blind people to speak by feeling the vibrations of the lips and cheeks, and the Alcorn symbols, written characters to help deaf students develop speech. [KE, p. 10-11]

1900 – Paducah, KY. John Thomas Scopes born. (See 10 July 1925; 21 October 1970.) [KE, p. 803]

4 August –

2009 – Louisville, KY. Six inches of rain falls in 75 minutes. This is a record for amount in a given time. Flash floods on both sides of the Ohio River. 

Births –

1775 – Louisville, KY. Elizabeth Edwards born. [Renau, p. 31]

1818 – Stanford, KY. Lovell Harrison Rousseau born.  He will be a soldier and a congressman. In 1867, he returns to the army; he is the officer who formally receives the transfer of Alaska from Russia. (See 7 January 1869.) [KE, p. 783]

Deaths –

1999 – San Diego County, CA. Victor Mature dies. He is buried in St. Michael’s Cemetery, Louisville, KY. 

5 August –

1773 – Louisville, KY. Joost Heydt, 20-year-old grandson of Isaac Hite, records in his daily journal: “At the town at the Falls. Friday 27thwent & marked out lots in the town & went up to the first [Six Mile] island.”

1849 – Louisville, KY. St. Joseph Catholic Orphans Society founded. [EL, p. 777-8]

1864 – U.S.S. Metacomet. Landsman Daniel John Noble, of Bath County, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

Births –

1869 – Bardstown, KY. John Crepps Wickliffe Beckham born. He will become governor of Kentucky on the death of William Goebel (3 February 1900) (See also 30 January 1900, and 9 January 1940 entries.) [KE, p. 65]

Deaths –

1904 – Louisville, KY. Former Jefferson County judge William Baird Hoke dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 1 August 1838.) [EL, p. 394]

6 August –

Births –

1909 – Louisville, KY. John Michael “Mike” Barry born. He will become an outspoken journalist and broadcaster, and an early civil rights advocate. He will be best known, however, for his horse racing expertise. [EL, p. 68]

7 August –

Births –

1844 – Louisville, KY. George Forman born. He will be a bookkeeper in George Garvin Brown’s distilling business; then will become a partner in Brown-Forman. (See 19 November 1901.) [EL, p. 310]

1931 – Louisville, KY. David Allen Jones born. He will found Humana, along with partner Wendell Cherry. [KE, p. 479]

8 August –

1785 – Danville, KY. The third statehood convention convenes. [KE, p. 848-9]

1801 – Cane Ridge, KY. An estimated 20,000 people attend the beginning of the largest of all the camp meetings of the Great Revival. [KE, p. 386-7]

1868 – Marion, KY. Nancy Gilliam donates land to the town upon which the first public school, the Marion Academy and Normal School, will open in 1886. [KE, p. 608]

Births –

1903 – near Churchton, TN. Allan M. Trout born. (See 15 February 1929; 8 December 1972.) [KE, p. 901]

1906 – Greenup County, KY. Jesse Hilton Stuart born. (See 17 February 1984.) [KE, p. 858-9]

8-9 August –

1927 – Louisville, KY. Charles Lindbergh visits Louisville, KY. He is honored with a tickertape parade down Fourth Street. [EL, p. 8]

9 August –

1813 – Louisville, KY. Speed, Ward & Pope sell 103 acres to Jacob Rudy, at $7 per acre. [Renau, p. 49]

1862 – McClean County, KY. Confederate guerrillas capture towns of Calhoun and Rumsey. Union forces soon liberate them. [KE, p. 599]

1890 – Washington, DC. Lexington, KY, native Mary Desha, and two friends organize what will become the Daughters of the American Revolution. After criticism for her suffragette work, she will devote more time to the United Daughters of the Confederacy. [KE, p. 2264-5]

Births –

1912 – Tellego, KY. Garvice Delmar Kincaid born. He will become a driving force in Lexington’s Downtown Development Corporation, which will create a dynamic big-city center. In 1960, he will receive the Horatio Alger Award of the American Association of Schools and Colleges. (See 21 November 1975.) [KE, p. 518]

Deaths –

1904 – George Graham Vest dies. He is buried in Bellefontaine Cemetery, St. Louis, MO. (See 6 December 1830.) [KE, p. 919]

1964 – Greenwich, CT. Fontaine Talbot Fox Jr. dies. (See 4 June 1884 entry.) [KE, p. 350-1]

10 August –

1832 – Louisville, KY. Mother Catherine Spalding, Sisters of Charity of Nazareth (SCN), establishes the Catholic Orphan Asylum of St. Vincent, to care for English-speaking girls. It will operate until 1983. [EL, p. 781]

Births –

1755 – Pwllheli, Wales. Evan Williams born. Reuben T. Durrett (1824-1913), sites him as being Kentucky’s first distiller, a tall – and unprovable – claim. However, in 1801, the United States does issue Williams a whiskey license for three stills. (See 15 October 1810.) EL, p. 943-4]

Deaths –

1827 – near Lexington, KY. Matthew Harris Jouett dies. He is buried in the family graveyard, but circa 1900 he will be moved to Louisville’s Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 22 April 1787, or 1788.) [KE, p. 481]

1886 – Covington, KY. John White Stevenson dies. He is buried in Cincinnati. (See 4 May 1812.) [KE, p. 854-5]

1927 – Louisville, KY. Prominent attorney Helm Bruce dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [EL, p. 138]

11 August –

1787 – Danville, KY. First issue Kentucke Gazettepublished. (See 7 March 1789.) [KE, p. 500-501]

1854 – Louisville, KY. Theodore James Ryken and six other Xaverian Brothers arrive. Ryken has founded the order in Bruges, Belgium in 1839. The teaching order survives the Bloody Monday riots August 1855, and founds (what is now) St. Xavier High School in 1864. [EL, p. 959]

Births –

1811 – Pittsburgh, PA. William Kelly born. At the Eddyville Ironworks and the Suwanee furnace, he will develop a process very similar to Henry Bessemer’s to turn iron into steel. (See 11 February 1888.) [KE, p. 485-6]

1943 – Campbellsville, KY. Clem Haskins born. He will be a star basketball player; then coach of the Western Kentucky University Hilltoppers, then the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers. [KE, p. 417]

Deaths –

1825 – Louisville, KY. John Tarascon commits suicide to escape his creditors. These same creditors will now happily pursue his heirs as vigorously as they did JT. (See 1 April 1765.) [EL, p. 866-8]

1844 – near Shepherdsville, KY. Henry Crist dies. (See 20 October 1764 entry.) [KE, p. 239-40]

1970 – Louisville, KY. Former mayor Bruce Hoblitzell dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [EL, p. 393]

12 August –

1881 – Cairezo Canyon, NM. Sergeant Thomas Shaw, of Covington, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1928 – Louisville, KY. Watterson Airport opens on what is now the northwest corner of General Electric’s Appliance Park. It is believed to have remained active until World War II. [EL, p. 8]

Deaths –

1824 – Missouri. Fr. Charles Nerinckx dies. He is buried at the Loretto Motherhouse, Marion County, KY. [KE, p. 677]

1958 – Washington, D.C. Augustus Owsley Stanley dies. He is buried in Frankfort (KY) Cemetery. (See 21 May 1867.) [KE, p. 846-7]

13 August –

1919 – Saratoga, NY. Man O’ War loses the seventh race of his career. In the only defeat of his career, he is bested by a colt ironically named Upset. Man O’ War went on to trounce Upset in each of the remaining six races in which they would meet. (See 29 March 1917; 19 June 1919; 12 October 1920; 1 November 1947.)  [KE, p. 607-8]

Births –

1870 – New Albany, IN. Kate Seston Matthews born. The family will soon move to Pewee Valley, KY. She will become a well-known photographer before women established careers. She is probably best known for illustrating the Little Colonel , written by Annie Fellows Johnston. Kate Mattthews herself is the character Miss Katherine Marks in another of Johnston’s series. (See 5 July 1956.) [KE, p. 616]

1911 – Clay County, KY. Bert T. Combs born. He will be governor 1959-63. [KE, p. 217-8]

14 August –

1973 – Fort Wright, KY. Fire destroys Lookout House casino. (See 6 March 1951 entry.) [KE, p. 347-8]

Births –

1749 – Augusta County, VA. William Whitley born. He will be one of the first Kentucky settlers and will build what is thought to be the first brick house in Kentucky. (See 5 October 1813.) [KE, p. 949]

1757 – Powhatan County, VA. Green Clay born. He will become a land speculator, entrepreneur, politician and soldier in Kentucky. [KE, p. 200]

Deaths –

1858 – Louisville, KY. William Stanton Pilcher dies. (See 5 January 1803.) [EL, p. 704]

1974 – Louisville, KY. Joe Cross Creason collapses while playing tennis and dies from a heart attack. He is buried in Longview Cemetery in Bethel, KY. [KE, p. 239]

1982 – Louisville, KY. Thruston Ballard Morton dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [KE, p. 656]

1999 – Louisville, KY. Pee Wee Reese dies. He is buried in Resthaven Memorial Park Cemetery. (See 23 July 1918.)

15 August –

1824 – Staten Island, NY. The Marquis de La Fayette arrives, at the invitation of President James Monroe. (See 18 April 1825; 30 April 1825; 2 May 1825; 3-4 May 1825; 5-6 May 1825; 2-8 May 1825; 9 May 1825; 11 May 1825; 13 May 1825; 14 May 1825; 15 May 1825; 16 May 1825; 18 May 1825; 19-20 May 1825; 21 May 1825; 22 May 1825; 7 September 1825.) [KE, p. 528-9]

1917 – Lexington, KY. Frank L. McVey is selected as president of the University of Kentucky. His contract requires him to live on campus in what is by then the Mulligan home. Now called Maxwell Place, it has been the home of the university president since. (See 13 April 1778.) [KE, p. 617-8]

1925 – Louisville, KY. The Kentucky Hotel opens. (See 4 October 1923.) [Potter]

Deaths –

1988 – Louisville, KY. Barry Bingham dies of cancer. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [EL, p. 90]

August 15-17 –

1782 – Lexington, KY. Siege of Bryan’s Station. Some 300 Shawnee Indians and British Canadians, egged on by Simon Girty, surround the fort. They flee when a relief party of Kentucky militiamen is reported to be nearby. Jemima Sugett Johnson, mother of Richard Mentor Johnson, is one of the heroines of this siege. The relief party will be cut to pieces at the Battle of Blue Licks. [KE, p. 475]

16 August –

Births –

1836 – Ireland. Michael McDonald Muldoon born. He will arrive in Louisville about 1860. His firm will built Louisville city hall and the board of trade building, and will turn the city into a regional center for burial monuments. (See 26 April 1911.) [KE, p. 660]

1868 – Louisville, KY. Lucie N. Duvalle born. She will spend her life as an educator; in 1890 the first female principal in the Louisville public school system, when she became head of the California Colored School. There she instituted “parents meetings,” precursors to the Parent-Teacher Association (PTA). (See also 1 December 1928 entry.) [El, p. 260]

17 August –

1862 – London, KY. Battle of London. Confederate cavalry under Colonel J.S. Scott defeat Union troops led by Colonel L.C. Houk. Scattered fighting continues until about 19 October 1862. [KE, p. 570]

1935 – Louisville, KY. Louisville and Interurban Railroad Company abandons Orell line. [EL, p. 418-20]

Deaths –

1986 – Pompano Beach, FL. “Shipwreck” Kelly dies. (See 10 July 1910; 30 June 1941.) [KE, p. 485]

18 August –

1965 – Chu Lai, Vietnam. Corporal Joe Calvin Paul, USMC, of Williamsburg, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

Deaths –

1855 – Nicholas County, KY. Former governor Thomas Metcalfe dies. He is buried in the family graveyard. He had been one of Kentucky’s most progressive governors in the antebellum era. (See 10 March 1780.) [KE, p. 629-30]

19 August –

1881 – Caiezo Canyon, NM. Sergeant Brent Woods, of Pulaski County, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. (See 21 July 1894; 31 March 1906; 20 June 1984; 28 October 1984.) [KE, p. 222-224] [KE, p. 967]

1910 – Louisville, KY. Louisville and Eastern Railroad Company establishes service to Shelbyville, KY. [EL, p. 418-20]

1911 – Simon Flexner awarded the Cameron Prize for his serum which reduced the mortality rate from cerebrospinal meningitis from 75 percent to 25 percent in untreated cases. (See 13 November 1866 and 25 March 1863 entries.) [KE, p. 327]

Births –

1907 – Louisville, KY. Thruston Ballard Morton born. He will become a United States senator. (See 14 August 1982.) [KE, p. 656]

1935 – Stockbridge, MA. Franklin Story Musgrave born. He will take an M.S. degree in physiology and biophysics at the University of Kentucky (1966), and remain as a postdoctoral fellow in aerospace medicine and physiology. He will learn to fly while living in Kentucky, and will maintain his Kentucky home when he goes to Houston in 1967, when the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) selects him to be a scientist/astronaut. [KE, p. 665]

1988 – Louisville, KY. The Louisville Falls Fountain is dedicated. It gurgles 15,800 gallons of water per minute, in the shape of a fleur-de-lis. The central jet throws its liquid column 420 feet high. In 1998, having long used up the funds for its care and maintenance, major mechanical problems shut off the flow forever. [EL, p. 545]

Deaths –

1819 – Nicholasville, KY. George Walker, United States senator, Revolutionary War veteran, dies. [KE, p. 925]

20 August –

1794 – Maumee River, near Toledo, OH. Battle of Fallen Timbers. General Anthony Wayne defeats Northwestern Indians. The Indians’ British allies, inside Fort Miami, will not help. The American war for independence is only just over; the British are currently fighting the French in Europe; and the Jay Treaty is still being negotiated. Fallen Timbers concludes two decades of Indian raids on Kentucky. It leads to the 1795 Treaty of Greenville, opening the Northwest Territory to white settlement. The Jay Treaty stipulated that Britain would evacuate forts within the United States. [KE, p. 304]

1799 – near Dixon, KY. Micaja (“Big”) and Wiley (“Little”) Harpe spend the night at Moses Stegall’s cabin. During the night, they smash Major William Love in the head with an ax, slit the throat of the Stegalls’ four-month-old baby and kill Mrs. Stegall. They then set the cabin on fire before fleeing. Moses Stegall, however, returns to the ruins of his family, gathers a posse and tracks down Big Harpe. Stegall shoots him through the heart, then carries his head home and places it on a tree. The community which forms nearby is called Harpe’s Head. (See 14 December 1798; 5 January 1799; 20 January 1799; 13 February 1799; 27 February 1799; 16 March 1799; 15 April 1799; 22 April 1799; 4 September 1799; 13 January 1804; 4 February 1804 [8 February 1804?].) [McQueen; More offbeat…; p. 20-8]

1854 – Louisville, KY. St. Martin of Tours Catholic Church dedicated. [EL, p. 778-9]

1870 – Shelbyville, KY. The Episcopalian Shelby College closes. [KE, p 296]

Deaths –

1804 – Sioux City, Iowa. Sgt. Charles Davis Floyd, of the Corps of Discovery, dies.

21 August –

Deaths –

1849 – Lexington, KY. John Wesley Hunt dies. He is buried in Lexington Cemetery. An entrepreneur, he was one of the first millionaires west of the Allegheny Mountains. He is the grandfather of John Hunt Morgan, and the great-grandfather of Thomas Hunt Morgan. [KE, p. 447]

1907 – Louisville, KY. Paul C. Barth shoots himself in the head. His 1905 election as mayor had been voided, and Robert Worth Bingham appointed to serve as mayor until a special election. Barth had purchased a horse with city funds, to be used as transportation for the mayor. He took the horse with him when he left office. Bingham launched an official inquiry; Barth paid for the horse, but was pilloried in the press. His funeral will be one of Louisville’s largest, an estimated 30,000 people accompanying him to St. Louis Cemetery. (See also 14 November 1905 entry.) [EL, p. 70]

22 August –

1786 – Richmond, KY. Madison County court meets for the first time. [KE, p. 602-3]

1816 – Louisville, KY. Joseph Timmell Edwards marries Martha T. McKinnis. [Lynn p. 32]

1875 – Kentucky. Elijah P. Marrs ordained a Baptist minister. In 1879, he and his brother Henry C. Marrs, will found Baptist Normal and Theological Institute in Louisville. In 1883 it will be named the State University; later still it will be Simmons Bible College. In 1880, he will also found the Beargrass Colored Baptist Church, Crescent Hill in Louisville. (See 24 April 1866; 30 August 1910.) [KE, p. 609]

Births –

1787 – Virginia. Solomon P. Sharp born. (See 7 November 1825; 9 December 1825.) [KE, p. 814]

Deaths –

1840 – Lexington, KY. John Fowler dies. He is buried in the Episcopal Cemetery in Lexington. (See 27 April 1756 entry.) [KE, p. 350]

1921 – Leavenworth, KS. Alexander Kimbrough dies. He is buried in Cynthiana (Kentucky) Cemetery. (See 26 March 1866 and 8 May 1902 entries.) [KE, p. 265]

23 August –

1814 – Nelson County, KY. The Sisters of Charity of Nazareth open Nazareth Academy, the first convent school west of the Appalachian mountains. [KE, p. 675-6]

Births –

1754 – Saint-Germain-en Laye, France. Louis-August born to the dauphin and Marie-Josephe of Saxony. In 1774 he will become King Louis XVI of France. In 1774 French and Indian War veterans received land grants at the Falls of the Ohio from Virginia. In 1778 he allied with the Americans in their struggle for independence. By 1779, the 1778 settlement at the Falls of the Ohio was being called Louisville, in his honor. (See 21 January 1793.) [EL, p. 527]

1901 – Somerset, KY. John Sherman Cooper born. He will become a United States Senator. [KE, p. 227-8]

24 August –

1835 – Louisville, KY. Louisville and Interurban Railroad Company abandons LaGrange line. [EL, p. 418-20]

1997 – Louisville, KY. The Belle of Louisvillepartially sinks at her dock. A valve to a fresh water pipe is found to have been left open, allowing her hull to fill with water. [EL, p. 85]

Deaths –

1931 – Louisville, KY. Augustus Everett Willson dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 13 October 1846.) [KE, p. 958-9]

1946 – Washington, DC. James Clark McReynolds dies. A bachelor, he had adopted 33 European children refugee by the war. [KE, p. 600]

25 August –

Births –

1839 – Falmouth, England. John Andrewartha born. He will design the Italianate-style Louisville City Hall. [EL, p. 37] He wins a design contest in April, 1867, and the building goes up between 1870 and 1873. [EL, p. 189]

1845 (possibly 1844) – Simpson County, KY. Marcellus Jerome “Sue Mundy” Clarke born. [KE, p. 198-9]

Deaths –

1945 – Casco Bay, Maine. Admiral Willis Augustus Lee Jr. dies. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. (See 11 May 1888; 14 November 1942.) KE, p. 540-1]

26 August –

1856 – Jefferson County, KY. Body of Paschal D. Craddock found in a lane off Bardstown Road, about six miles from Louisville. He was thirty-five years old, and a notorious stock thief and bandit leader. The body has been mutilated by hogs, but three bullet wounds are found in the thigh. Cause of death, however, is a broken neck. (See also 27 February 1856 and 4 December 1857 entries.) [EL, p. 229]

1864 – Shelbyville, KY. Town is attacked by Confederate guerrillas commanded by Captain David Martin. [KE, p. 816]

1895 – Louisville, KY. The Republican city and county convention is hijacked by the American Protective Association, a virulent anti-Catholic secret society. They force the Republican party to field candidates and a platform dictated by their xenophobia. The result was to drive the city’s rapidly growing Catholic population firmly into the arms of the Democratic party. [EL, p. 30]

27 August –

1774 – North Carolina. Richard Henderson organizes the Louisa Company to purchase Indian lands on which to establish a proprietary colony. (See 20 April 1735; 6 January 1775; 10 February 1775; 17 March 1775; 21 March 1775; 23 March 1775; 25 September 1775; 4 November 1775; 28 December 1763; 30 January 1785.) [KE, p. 422-3]

1854 – Louisville, KY. A tornado travels from southwest Jefferson County to the northeast, killing 16 people when it demolishes the Third Presbyterian Church at Eleventh and Walnut Streets. [EL, p. 889]

1878 – Indian Fields, KY. Levi Goff establishes a post office. The name is one of the last references to Eskippakithiki, the only relatively permanent Amerindian village in Kentucky in historic times. [KE, p. 297]

1959 – Covington, KY. “New Latonia” thoroughbred race track opens. [KE, p. 903-4]

Deaths –

1839 – Frankfort, KY. Governor James Clark dies in office. He is buried in Winchester, KY. (See also 16 January 1779 entry.) [KE, p. 196]

1891 – Wisconsin. Lyman C. Draper dies. He leaves 2,546 volumes of historical material and 478 volumes of manuscripts at the Wisconsin Historical Society. [KE, p. 271]

28 August –

1862 – Frankfort, KY. Confederate-sympathizer Governor Beriah Magoffin resigns. He is succeeded by pro-Union James F. Robinson. [EL, p. 193-5]

1909 – Battleship U.S.S. Kentuckydecommissioned. [KE, p. 489]

29 August –

1892 – Shippingport, KY. The great Tarascon Mill is completely consumed by fire. [EL, p. 866-8]

1925 – Louisville, KY. A packed house for final performance in original Macauley’s Theatre. (See 1 July 1873; 13 October 1873; 14 December 1925; 5 October 1972.) [KE, p. 589-90]

Deaths –

1830 – Marion County, KY. James Proctor Knott born. He will be governor 1883-87. (See 8 June 1911.) [KE, p. 522]

30 August –

1816 – Louisville, KY. Armistead Churchill, brother of Mary Churchill Prather Bullitt, shoots and kills 30-year-old Joseph Frederick, overseer of William Christian Bullitt’s Dry Run farm, back of Oxmoor farm…also shot a “negro girl.” He will never answer for the crimes. [Renau, p. 109]

1862 – Richmond, KY. Battle of Richmond. One of the most complete tactical victories for the Confederates, but they fail to coordinate their forces in the campaign which turns at Perryville. [KE, p. 772-3]

1906 – Louisville, KY. New Albany, IN. Horace B. Wild sets an American endurance record by piloting his dirigible up and down the Ohio River for five hours and twenty minutes. The record is listed at Louisville, KY. He landed in New Albany, IN, when his fuel ran out. [EL, p. 8]

Deaths –

1871 – Louisville, KY. Elijah P. Marrs dies. He worked for civil rights and educational opportunities all his life. (See 24 April 1866; 22 August 1875.) [KE, p. 609]

31 August –

1803 – Pittsburgh, PA. Meriwether Lewis departs for the Falls of the Ohio. [EL, p. 509-10]

1872 – Fort Griffin, TX. Private Franklin M McDonald, of Bowling Green, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1905 – Louisville, KY. Hogan’s Fountain in Cherokee Park is unveiled. It is the gift of Mr. & Mrs. W.J. Hogan of Anchorage who wished to provide dogs and horses with a drinking fountain in the eastern part of Louisville. It is the work of Louisville native Enid Yandell. [EL, p. 393-4]

1930 – Louisville, KY. The University of Louisville purchases Simmons University and uses the site for the Louisville Municipal College for Negroes. Simmons retains use of one building, which becomes Simmons Bible College. U of L takes this building in 1934, and the bible college moves to Eighteenth and Dumesnil streets. (See 17 December 1802; 29 June 1849; 3 November 1872; and 30 October 1890 entries.) [KE, p. 822]

Deaths –

1879 – New Orleans, LA. John Bell Hood dies. He is buried in Metairie Cemetery. (See 1 June 1831; 17 July 1864.) [KE, p. 438-9]

1960 – Sacramento, CA. Mary Magdalene Jackson, “Aunt Molly,” dies. Born in Clay County, KY, Aunt Molly was a driving force for the United Mine Workers. [KE, p. 459]

31 August-1 September –

1950 – Agok, Korea. Sergeant Ernest R. Kouma, of Scottsville, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

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