Cameo103 masth102
Clark January

1 January –

1794 – New Orleans, LA. Louisiana Governor Francisco Luis Hector Carondelet fearing simultaneous problems with the large and dissatisfied French population of Louisiana, and a slave revolt, writes to the Duke of Alcudia: Clark has brevet of Marichal de Comp for the French Convention by Dr. O’Fallon, proscribed already at H.M.’s instances by Congress on account of an enterprise of similar nature…the report of Thomas Mitchell agrees with the news I have received from the Commandant of New Madrid as regards the arrival of the French Officers at Louisville and as to Clark being commander of said expedition with Montgomery & other officers or important men of the U.S…if the project planned by the enemies is carried into effect, the whole of Upper Louisiana from St. Louis, Ill as far as Nogales…will fall into the hands of the enemies in Spring… If at the same time we have to face an attack by the mouth of the Mississippi…is evident that all of Louisiana will fall into their hands…. The enemy extend their views much farther than the conquest of Louisiana and hope soon to arrive at Santa Fe. [Potts, p. 72] He also states: all the western country is in favor of the French side and to not heed the orders…of the President and …in particular the inhabitants of the American part of Illinois and those of the Cumberland are ready to unite with the French who…applied to General Clark to command the expedition, which is said to consist of 5000 men. Potts and Thomas go on to explain that Anthony Wayne has sent a detachment to “dislodge the rebels” and, our old snake in the grass, James Wilkinson has received $12,000 from Spain to ensure peace with Kentucky. [Potts, p. 73] 

2 January –

1777 – (Battle of) Trenton New Jersey. Richard Clough Anderson Sr. wounded. While recuperating in a Philadelphia hospital, he contracts smallpox. [EL, p. 37]

1781 – Virginia legislature passes resolution for George Rogers Clark’s Illinois Grant, 150,000 acres to compensate the men and officers of Clark’s Illinois Regiment. [Renau, p. 24]

1794 – Louisville, KY, Locust Grove. William Croghan, Jr. born. [Renau, p. 64]

3 January –

1817 – Louisville, KY. Farmington (house) completed. [Renau, p. ix]

1821 – Louisville, KY. William Croghan writes to M.D. Hardin about developing Iron Banks near Columbus, Hickman County, KY. [Potts, p. 196, note 44]

4 January –

1804 – Louisville, KY. Worden Pope at last records deed drawn up 27 Sept 1802, for Colonel Richard Taylor [Renau, p. 73]

5 January –

 1794 – Louisville, KY. George Rogers Clark writes to Charles DePauw: On or before the 20th of February it might be to your advantage to have your Stores at the Falls, as in all probability we shall descend the River by that time. [Potts, p. 73]

6 January –

 1878 – Louisville, KY. The Courier-Journal publishes a reminiscence of Charles Harrison concerning Lucy Clark Croghan. The major purchased a fine running mare named Peggy for his wife. Some of the streets in Louisville at the time were pressed into service as an impromptu race course. The first time Lucy rode Peggy into Louisville, however, some of the young folks began to cheer as if there were a race. Peggy flew over the course, handily winning this one-horse heat; Lucy handily keeping her seat in the saddle and bringing Peggy under control. [Potts, p. 69]

7 January –

8 January –

Deaths –

1849 – New Orleans, LA. After attempting to reclaim his military glory in the Mexican War, with his childhood friend Zachary Taylor, George Croghan dies of cholera. (See 10 July 1849.) [Potts, p. 109]

9 January –

10 January –

1767 – (Uncle) George Croghan arrives from Ireland at New York harbor; he proceeds to Monkton Hall. [Renau, p. 35]

1799 – Louisville, KY. To avoid having them confiscated and sold to satisfy his creditors, George Rogers Clark sells to his brother William: Kitt; Lew; Venus and her two children Frankey and Turner.

1849 – Louisville, KY. John Croghan signs his will. He dies the next day. “I direct my Executor to Emancipate & set free from bondage immediately my slave Isaac, who has served me so faithfully.” [Potts, p. 111]

11 January –

Deaths –

1849 – Louisville, KY. John Croghan dies at Locust Grove. [Renau, p. 257]

12 January –

1826 – Louisville, KY. General Henry Atkinson has married Mary Bullitt. William Croghan writes to Thomas Sidney Jesup describing John Croghan as being: in a peck of troubles. His acquaintances quiz him about it… He goes to town & has his wrath accumulated to a frightful degree…then…consoles himself, he could have married her. [Potts, p. 103]

1849 – Louisville, KY. John Croghan is buried in the family graveyard. [Potts, p. 109-110]

Births –

1750 – Hanover County, VA. Richard Clough Anderson, Sr., born. [EL 36]

13 January –

1794 – Kentucky. Governor Isaac Shelby responds to Washington City demands to arrest George Rogers Clark and members of his French Allegiance. He speaks for America west of the Alleghenies: I have great doubts, even if they attempt to carry this plan into execution..whether there is any legal authority to restrain or to punish them, at least before they have actually accomplished it. For, if it is lawful for any one citizen of the state to leave it, it is equally so for any number of them to do so. [Potts, p. 73]

14 January –

1811 – Louisville, KY. A jury is empanelled to hear the case of James, John Gwathmey’s enslaved servant, accused of burning the Anderson & Gwathmey bagging factory. Jurors included John Herr, Samuel Wells, and Joseph and Abraham Keller. James was found not guilty of arson, but guilty of trespass. He was sentenced to 30 lashes on his bare back. Sentence was carried out immediately, and James was then sent home. [Renau, p. 101]

1846 – Washington City. Mary Jesup and James Blair wed. Her home as a young widow, Blair House, will become the center of the Jesup family. [Potts, p. 109]

Deaths –

1849 – Louisville, KY, Locust Grove. Dr. John Croghan loses his last battle with tuberculosis of the lungs. [Renau, p. 257]

15 January –

1804 – First winter quarters of Voyage of Discovery. William Clark writes to William Croghan: I have postponed writing to you untill this time with a view of having something worth informing you relitive to this Country. My situation is as comfortable as could be expected in the woods, & on the frontiers; the Country back of me is butifull beyond discription…

  William notes that the only letter he has received is from sister Frances Clark Fitzhugh, who told him that “Nancy” Croghan was unwell. Nancy is a nickname for Ann. “I hope she has recovered. I wish much to here whether she has or not.” [Potts, p. 79]

1820 – Louisville, KY. William Croghan Jr. writes to Archibald Woods: My Father’s health is so bad I must decline my journey Eastward until next summer or fall.” [Potts, p. 99]

Deaths –

1795 – Louisville, KY. Death of Elizabeth Clark Anderson. [EL 37]

16 January –

1846 – Louisville, KY. John Croghan writes to Thomas Sidney Jesup: Mr. Bayne, who has rented this place, is now here and I am in hopes will do well. (See 23 November 1845.) [Potts, p. 205, note 147]

17 January –

1847 – Louisville, KY. John Croghan tells Lyman C. Draper that the Clarks lived on 400 acres of an 820 acre frontier plantation which John Clark and his brother Benjamin had inherited. “My grandfather Clark resided at an early day in Albemarle on an eminence similar to Mr Jeffersons seat Monticello, and about 1 mile from that place. I recollect this distinctly, having heard my Mother describe the situation of her [family’s] residence in Albemarle repeatedly.” [Potts, p. 21]

1849 – Vice President George Mifflin Dallas informs his wife Sophia: It is our Colonel and not Doctor Croghan that has died. So George loses the handsome fortune which for a season, was ascribed to him. [Potts, p. 109]

18 January –

 1849 – Louisville, KY. George C. Gwathmey writes to Thomas Sidney Jesup concerning the death of John Croghan, who had requested him to come to Locust Grove: I got to him at dusk and found him as I though dying, he…lived until 35 minues after six on Thursday morning. I left him at half past four believing him to be decidedly better. I had just gotten to sleep however before Judge Brown came up into my room to announce his death. The Judge informed me that after I left the Doctor he rested very well until half after six, he then [illegible] the judge taking a bed in the room and as he was getting to bed the Doct. Called his Boy, Isaac who was asleep in a chair at the fire place. The judge got up and sent the Boy to his Master – just as he got to the bed side, the Doct. Was seen to throw up his hands and before the judge got to him he was no more. Every proper attention was [illegible[ to his remains and on Friday the 12th he was buried in the family burying ground.

  As Col. Croghan was expected from the South any hour when his Brother died, I had the Home secured and every thing in it, taking away only some papers, and left it in charge of the gardiner in whom the Doctr. Had every confidence, intending to do but nothing, until the Colonel should arrive. We have [illegible] received this morning the melancholly intelligence of his death also. [Potts, p. 109-110]

Deaths –

 1883 – Louisville, KY. The Courier-Journal carries an obituary for Geneva-educated David Rrozel Poignaud. Lyman C. Draper had interviewed him in August 1869. Moving to Louisville in 1814, he “supped, slept, & breakfasted” with a “party of upwards of a dozen gentleman and two ladies” at Locust Grove. Several visited George Rogers Clark in his room and “the hum of conversation & the laugh of the parties was heard outside.” When Poignaud returned in 1817, the general was sitting on “a piazza in a large arm chair.” [Potts, p. 92]

19 January –

20 January –

21 January –

22 January –

1781 – Falls of the Ohio. George Rogers Clark promoted to brigadier general. He maintains his headquarters at Louisville, and orders construction of Fort Nelson. [EL, p 197-8]

1781 – Williamsburg, VA. Governor Thomas Jefferson appoints George Rogers Clark a brigadier general. [KE, p. 195-6]


1824 – Pittsburgh, PA. William Croghan Jr. executor of his wife’s estate, which he administer for his daughter and which is climbing toward half a million dollars, receives no working capital from the assets. Needing cash, he strikes a bargain with Archibald Woods to accept a “negro man” valued at $500 in partial payment for his lot in Wheeling (now WV). The deal collapses when the enslaved man refuses to leave his master. (See 1 May 1824.) [Potts, p. 100-1]

1837 – Louisville, KY. John Croghan writes to Thomas Sidney Jesup: Billy boy [William Croghan Jesup] and the Big man [Charles Edward Jesup] walk a good deal with me over the farm and occasionally we pay old “Uncle Jim” as he is called a visit at the Mill. [Potts, p. 68]

  In the same letter: Yesterday Judge Rowan, Judge Bibb, Judge Pirtle and Prentice, the editor of the Journal, and one or two more dined with us, and Rowan offered a toast complimentary to you. [Potts, p. 105]

1948 – Louisville, KY. Sarah Waters Ripley writes to Lily Scott Waters: The first cook we had when we went to Locust Grove was Alice Thruston, who was raised at the [Blankenbakers]; her parents were slaves and I am under the impression that she was, as a child…I spent 2 nights in the house alone while at the work but neither saw nor heard any of the ghosts that Alice Thruston so devoutly believed in. [Potts, p. 117]

23 January –

1790 – Louisville, KY. Merchant James Bevard sues George Rogers Clark for 60 pounds payment for flour and whiskey Clark purchased in August 1786. An arrest warrant is returned noted “Not executed kept off by force of Arms.” (See 8 May 1790; 5 Aug 1790) [Potts, p. 196 note 2]

24 January –

1848 – Grave Creek, VA. Michael Cresap Jr. informs Lyman C. Draper: My present residence is about 2 miles above the mouth of Fish Creek & upon that part of the tract of land, in the first settlement of the Country Called Clarkes improvement. [Potts, p. 22]

25 January –

 1794 – Cincinnati, OH. The Centinel of the North-Western Territory reports: George R. Clark, Esq., Major General in the armies of France, and Commander in Chief of the French Revolutionary Legions on the Mississippi river.


  For raising volunteers for the reduction of the Spanish posts on the Mississippi, for opening the trade of the said river, & giving freedom to all its inhabitants, &c. All persons serving the expedition, to be entitled to one thousand acres of Land, those that engage for one year, will be entitled to two thousand acres, if they served two years or during the present war with France, they will have three thousand acres of any unappropriated Land that may be conquered…All lawful Plunder to be equally divided agreeable to the custom of War. (See 8 February 1794.) [Potts, p. 73]

26 January –

1776 – Hanover County, VA. Richard Clough Anderson Sr. receives his commission as captain of the company of Hanover County regulars. [EL, p. 37]

27 January –

Births –

1846 – Louisville, KY. Meriwether Lewis Clark Jr. born. [EL, p. 198-99]

28 January –

1827 – New Orleans, LA. Caroline Butler Bell writes to Edward George Washington: Col. Croghan has managed his affairs…to ruin himself [and] almost all with whom he has had dealings. I commiserate poor Mrs. Croghan’s situation…this attempt to put an end to himself will, I presume, destroy the little peace of mind which she might have had. [Potts, p. 103]

 1848 – Louisville, KY. St. George and Cornelia Croghan have moved to Locust Grove in the fall of 1847. John Croghan now writes to Thomas Sidney Jesup that he: had given St George the crop of corn I than had growing (which has yielded upwards of 2000 bushels) several acres of potatoes & vegetables suited for market, the use of all my negroes, farming utensils, mills, eleven cows, horses, at least 4000 lbs bacon, in fine all things on my place (gratis) until Jan’y 1849. [To all this largesse, St. George responded that he could not stay unless he was leased] the place for 8 or 10 years. I then told him, that for no consideration would I ever rent, this, my home; that for more than half a century it has been recognized as a homestead for my relatives, and as long as I lived I wish it viewed in this light… My health is very bad. [Potts, p. 109]

29 January –

1827 – Louisville, KY. Zachary Taylor write to Thomas Sidney Jesup that George Hancock is considering buying Spring Station, the old Beall residence east of Louisville: It is certainly one of the most delightful establishments as a residence for a country gentleman in the western country. I should be very much pleased at his doing it and it would be so gratifying to to Mrs. Croghan to have her daughter settled so near. 

  Within the year, however, the Hancocks moved into Locust Grove with Lucy Croghan. [Potts, p. 101]

30 January –

1810 – Virginia. Harry Innes writes to John Gwathmey that he has been unable to obtain a pension for George Rogers Clark. [Potts, p. 89; p. 200, note 5]

31 January –

1786 – Jefferson County, KY. Alexander Scott Bullitt and Priscilla Christian marry. [KE, p. 139]


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