Cameo103 masth102
Clark September

1 September –

1848 – Richmond, VA. Charles F. Mercer is interviewed by Lyman C. Draper: Gen. Chs. F. Mercer said to informant he was deputed to convey the second sword Virginia voted to Gen. G.R. Clark, & passing over the mountains, Mercer said he was studying up a fine speech to deliver on presentation of the sword to Gen. Clark. At Maj. Croghan’s, Gen. Clark sat in his chair (in the parlor), & Gen. Mercer presented the sword. Gen. Clark lay it across his lap, while Gen. Mercer delivered his fine speech which he had taken so much pains to compose. Having finished, Gen. Clark said: ‘Young man, go back to your State; and tell her when she needed a sword, I found one for her. I want bread.’ He had probably delivered the sword in early 1813. [Potts, p. 90]

Deaths –

1800 – Louisville, KY. Pendleton Strother dies, aged 6 months, 24 days. [Renau, p. 33]

1838 – St. Louis, MO. William Clark dies. He is buried on his nephew John O’Fallon’s estate, Athlone. He is later moved to Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis. (See 23 October 1860 entry.) [EL, p. 199-200]

1848 – Louisville, KY. Charles Fenton Mercer writes to Lyman C. Draper: When I paid my first visit to Majr. Croghan, [General Clark] was a member of his family, nursed with the tenderest regard by Mrs. C. his sister, and so helpless from a paralysis, which deprived him of speech, as to be moved about on a chair, by assistance of others.” [Potts, p. 89]

2 September –

Births –

1794 – Louisville, KY. George Vulcan Rudy born. [Renau, p. 88]

3 September –

1808 – Clarksville, IN. George Rogers Clark sends to Dennis Fitzhugh: Can you send me the following articles wanting for the House. Half gallon oil, lb. dry white Lead, Nine pounds Whiting for glasing and paying [painting] the windows, a pair of but Hinges 3 or 4 Inches long, 4 small pair for closset doors, 2 closset locks to shut to the right & left, 2 small bolts for the same, a small Iron rimed Lock, a large Ringed Latch with a bolt to it, a small payt [paint] brush. [Potts, p. 83]

4 September –

1798 – Dr. Samuel Brown apparently forwards a letter from George Rogers Clark in which Clark recounts the circumstances surrounding the annihilation of Chief Logan’s family. “…interesting letter from your friend General Clarke…appears to me, to render further investigation quite unnecessary. The only point for which you contend (viz) that Logan is really the Author of the Speech ascribed to him, in your Notes on Virginia is now established beyond the possibility of contraction.

  …The incidents in General Clarkes narrative follow each other in a manner so siple & so natural as to afford, to every liberal & candid enquirer, the highest internal evidence of their reality. To those who have the happiness of being acquainted with that truly great man, his statement will bring the fullest conviction. His memory is singularly accurate, his veracity unquestionable. [Potts, p. 76]

  Yet, Jefferson did not see fit to include Clark’s lengthy vindication of him when he published his 1800 edition of Notes on the State of Virginia. [Potts, p. 76]

1815 – western NY. Lyman Copeland Draper born. His voluminous collection of manuscripts and interviews documents the frontier between the Alleghenies and the Mississippi River. [KE, p. 271]

5 September –

6 September –

7 September –

8 September –

1833 – Washington City. William Croghan Jr. writes to Charles W. Thruston: The trip to Quebec, I did not make, learning when in New York of the decease of my poor dear Sister [Eliza Croghan Hancock], my plans were all immediately changed, & forthwith, I hastened to Washington City, feeling a deep anxiety on the occasion for my aged Mother. The safe return of the Dr. about that time after a protracted voyage & in fine health, had a happy influence. [Potts, p. 102]

Births –

1793 – Louisville, KY. Benjamin O’Fallon, second child of James and Frances Clark O’Fallon, born. [Potts, p. 1196, note 4]

9 September –

10 September –

1798 – George Rogers Clark writes to a French office in St. Louis, MO: the president of the United States gave the order to have me arrested. But the detachment that he sent to take me was attacked and disarmed by a certain number of men, volunteers, that my old comrades had the time to assemble. I then withdrew to the west bank of the Mississippi… If the executive Directory wishes to possess Louisiana, there is no time to lose. In nine months at the most, it will be too late. The country will be conquered by America or England. [Potts, p. 76]

 1807 – Monticello, VA. Thomas Jefferson writes to William Clark, concerning the mastodon teeth both George Rogers and William Clark have sent to him: These have enabled them to decide that the animal was neither a mammoth nor an elephant, but a distinct kind, to which they have given the name Mastodon, from the protuberance of its teeth. These, from their forms, and the immense mass of their jaws, satisfy me this animal must have been arborverious. (See 3 October 1789; 20 February 1782; 10 September 1807.) [Potts, p. 86]

11 September –

12 September –

Births –

1805 – Louisville, KY. Edmund Croghan born. [Potts, p. 67]

13 September –

1754 – Aughwick plantation, near present Cleveland, OH. Conrad Weiser to James Hamilton: “I counted above twenty cabbins about his house, and in them at least two hundred Indians, men, women and children, and a great many more scattered thereabouts, some two or three miles off, and frequently come to fetch meals at Mr. Croghan’s.” [Potts, p. 11]

1813 – Chillicothe, OH. George Croghan tells his father he “left Maj. Jessup in command of L[ower]. Sandusky” and is returning to Locust Grove “to get rid of the ague which was shaking me as it used to.” His recuperation was foreshortened, however, when British troop attacked New Orleans in 1815. George Croghan and childhood friend and neighbor Zachary Taylor were authorized to raise a militia, but they arrive in New Orleans after the conflict has ended. John R. Livingston Jr. is also stationed at New Orleans; he will soon be George Croghan’s brother-in-law. [Potts, p. 97]

14 September –

15 September –

1762 – location. (Uncle) George Croghan journals about conferences with Governor Henry Hamilton and the Six Nations…leading to a land grant on the Susquehanna River. [Renau, p. 12]

1795 – Louisville, KY. George Rogers Clark receives two grants from Kentucky governor Isaac Shelby for his 73,962-acre parcel of land on the Tennessee and Ohio Rivers.  (See 16 March 1970; 11 May 1792; 15 August 1796; 5 October 1796; 18 August 1797; 14 December 1797; 28 July 1803; 5 November 1815; 10 July 1826; 4 October 1830; 8 May 1835.) [Potts, p. 93-4]

Births –

1765 – Caroline County, Virginia. Lucy Clark born, seventh child of John and Ann Rogers Clark.

16 September –

1808 – Jeffersonville, IN. George Rogers Clark tells Owen Gwathmey that he is busy completing his home. Both are enjoying a visit to Chalybeate Springs mineral spa. [Potts, p. 83] Mindful of the family’s concern over his deteriorating health, Gwathmey asks Clark to spend the winter with him in Louisville: I should feel better satisfied if you would come & spend this winter with me. Every thing that is in my power to make your situation comfortable shall be done & I think you had better come. [Potts, p. 86]

Deaths –

1958 – Louisville, KY. Lily Scott Waters dies, age 86. It is her will which will force the sale of Locust Grove in order to settle her estate. [Potts, p. 125]

17 September –

1797 – Louisville, KY. Widower Richard Clough Anderson, Sr., marries Sarah Marshall. [EL 37]

1805 – Louisville, KY. The Kentucky Gazetteprints an “Extract of a letter from a Gentleman at Louisville.” The gentleman, Jared Brooks, presents his analysis comparing costs of the northern route and the southern route for a canal around the Falls of the Ohio. He concludes that construction on the south shore will be less expensive. [Potts, p. 81]

18 September –

19 September –

1794 – Louisiana Governor of Francisco Luis Hector Carondelet has ordered Manuel Guyoso de Lemos, governor of Natchez to “excite the Chickasaw nation to expel the Anglo-Americans from Fort Masack on the Ohio.” On this day he writes to the Duke of Alcudia, the prime minister of Spain: At the end of last year the French projected an expedition in Kentucky and the waters of the Ohio…inducing the people of this country to unite with them…representatives of his majesty in the United States appealed to the president complaining…the President at once [gave] the strictest orders to Kentucky for the purpose of destroying the projected expedition…but the partiality of many fanatical partisans of the French still dominating, they disobeyed these orders. Their audacity going so far as to build a fort at the mouth of the Cumberland river to hold the boats that might come to trade in this province, which they, in some cases, did. [Potts, p. 72-3]

1812 – George Croghan writes to William Croghan Sr: I determined to enter the Army that you might for the future be relieved from the expense of my education, at the same time to gain a pretty general acquaintance with mankind, & knowledge of the world. [Potts, p. 96]

1914 – Glenview, KY. Rogers Clark Ballard Morton born. He will become a politician, and will head President Gerald Ford’s reelection committee. [EL, p. 629]

20 September –

1805 – end of the Lolo Trail, Rocky Mountains. The Corps of Discovery meets the Nez Perce Indians. A stay with them affords some much needed recuperation and time to build dugout canoes to take them down the Clearwater, Snake and Columbia Rivers to the Western Ocean. [EL, p. 509-10]

1900 - Louisville, KY. In The Louisville Times, Colonel Reuben T. Durrett, expounded for an article titled “Locust Grove, where George Rogers Clark spent his last days.” Asked if he believed the story that martial music had been played during Clark’s amputation, he replied, “Why, of course it is. The only way to enjoy a yarn like that is to believe it.” 

  He went on to relate the story he had written for Lyman C. Draper, 19 April 1883, this time adding a further tidbit that the amputation took place on the front porch of Locust Grove! [Potts, p. 87, p. 200, note 114]

Deaths –

1821 – Louisville, KY. Edmund Croghan dies at Locust Grove. [Renau, p. 73]

21 September –

1834 – Pittsburgh, PA. William Croghan Jr. to Charles W. Thurston: The plan of the building would even please my Cousin Lewis Clark who I was anxious should furnish me with a design. [Potts, p. 101]

Deaths –

1822 – Louisville, KY. William Croghan dies at Locust Grove. [KE, p. 243]

22 September –

1809 – Clarksville, IN. George Rogers Clark attends meeting of board of commissioners of the Illinois Regiment. [Potts, p. 88]

1821 – Louisville, KY. William Edwards writes his will. [Renau, p. 31]

Deaths –

1850 – Pittsburgh, PA. Based on letter of W.H. Denny, 27 September 1850, William Croghan Jr died “on Sunday last” – which would be this date.

23 September –

1806 – St. Louis, MO. The Corps of Discovery arrives. [EL, p. 509-10]

1806 – St. Louis, MO. William Clark writes to his brother Jonathan about Fort Clatsop, near present-day Astoria, OR: Here we constructed some log houses and defended them with a common stockade work; this place we called Fort Clatsop after the nation of that name who were our nearest neighbors. [Potts, p. 198, note 18]

1810 – Williamsburg, VA. George Croghan, graduated from the College of William and Mary, is boarding with Littleton Tazewell, who writes to William Croghan Sr: All depends on himself. Nature has sufficiently endowed hi with capacity, and an indulgent Father hath furnished him all the means of improvement. A more docile young man I have never known. [Potts, p. 96]

24 September –

1799 – Albemarle County, VA. Richard Terrell sends a messenger to James Madison, in Orange County, VA, demanding property deeds for Colonel Richard Taylor and Major William Croghan, in Jefferson County, KY. [Renau, p.70]

25 September –

1799 – Orange, County, VA. Madison replies – disingenuously – show me the original deeds (which were never delivered by Madison’s brother), and I will replace them.


26 September –

1777 – Philadelphia, PA. (Uncle) George Croghan, along with John Campbell to Monkton Hall; General Howe forced him back to Philadelphia under house arrest.

27 September –

1793 – Thanks to the double-dealing of double-agent James Wilkinson, Spain is alerted to the “Louisiana Expedition.” Louisiana Governor Francisco Luis Hector Carondelet writes to the Duke of Alcudia: A numerous body is being raised in Georgia…to invade the Creek nation’s territory. It is known that the nephew of General Clark entered the Mississippi by the Ohio…and that having left with Payemingo a Chicasaw chief our adversary at all times 500 muskets, 2000 pounds of powder, 5000 bullets, 1500 barrels of corn, 100 of salt, a great deal of sugar and an armour to repair his arms, all of which was deposited in a sort of fort,…he returned by land with his soldiers to Cumberland, promising that within a few months he would bring a second convoy of the same nature. If the Americans attempt any hostilities against these [Spanish] dominions, they will have occasion to repent of their audacity. [Potts, p. 72]

1802 – Orange County, VA. James Madison, his wife Dorothy, and his niece Nelly “signed and sealed” a deed for William Croghan. [Renau, p. 72] Richard Taylor’s representative paid 5 shillings for a deed to Springfield, “signed, sealed & delivered” from Madison. [Renau, p. 73]

Deaths –

1850 – Pittsburgh, PA. W.H. Denny writes to Thomas Sidney Jesup: Little did I think when at your house last friday night we were congratulating ourselves that [William] Croghan’s helath was unusually good, that he was then on his deathbed… He took ill on the night of Saturday proxims, his physician Dr Snyder saw him next morning Sunday and continued to attend him on consultation with Dr [illegible] until Last Sunday when he died at past seven in the morning.

  Mary Spring, Elizabeth McKnight, Jas OHara, Chs Scully &c were in attendance upon him y housekeeper says he sent 3 times to my house to enquire if I had returned.

  It is believed that he made no will Dr Snider told me that he apprised him of his danger on Sunday morning and asked him if he had any writing to do &c, he said no. [Potts, p. 110]

28 September –

29 September –

1819 – Louisville, KY. George Hancock and Eliza Croghan marry; Presbyterian minister Rev. Daniel Chapman Banks officiating. This grandson of Aaron Burr’s aunt had also officiated at the funeral of George Rogers Clark. [Potts, p. 98; p. 202, note 34]

1834 – Louisville, KY. After the death of Eliza Croghan Hancock, George Hancock turned Locust Grove over to John Croghan., who refunded Hancock’s payments and assumed his debt to William Croghan Jr. John Croghan writes to Thomas Sidney Jesup: Mr. Hancock and a Mr. Craddock have bought Ward’s place. They give $35 an acre. The bought of the Bank and get possession 1 March. [Potts, p. 102-3; p. 203, note 85]

30 September –

1802 – Orange County, VA. Dorothy P. Madison (1768-1849) swears that she freely agrees to the sale of the property in Jefferson County, Kentucky. [Renau p. 72]

1864 – Duvault’s Ford. James Herr Rudy receives a gunshot wound which severs the femoral artery in his right leg. The leg is amputated above the knee, which saves his life. [Renau, p. 179]


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