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August in Indiana History

1 August –

1838 – Vincennes, IN. Second shipment of bricks due for bank building. (See 9 February 1838; 13 February 1838; 1 April 1838; 1 July 1838; 1 August 1838.) [Funk, p. 60-65]

2 August –

3 August –

1795 – Greenville, OH. Little Turtle, chief of the Miami Indians, says, “I have been the last to sign this treaty; I will be the last to break it.”

1864 – Atlanta, GA. Captain Henry Ware Lawton captures rifle pits outside the city; then repulses two massive Confederate actions aimed at retaking the works. For this, Lawton earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. (See 17 March 1843; 21 August 1861; 17 May 1862; 10 February 1865; 13 March 1865; 4 May 1867; 31 July 1867; 18 February 1889; 18 December 1899; 19 December 1899.) [Funk, p. 136-7]

4 August –

2009 – Clarksville, New Albany, Jeffersonville, IN. Six inches of rain falls in 75 minutes, setting a new record for amount in a given time. Flash flooding on both sides of Ohio River. 

5 August –

1816 – IN. In the state of Indiana’s first general election, Jonathan Jennings soundly defeats Thomas Posey for governor. [Funk, p. 36]

6 August –

1787 – Vincennes, IN. Marthelemi Tardiveau offers advice to Josiah Harmer. For the French in town, Harmer must distinguish between the United States and the Virginians. By virtue of George Rogers Clark’s mission from the Virginia legislature, that state had claimed the Northwest Territory. The Continental Congress claimed in after Virginia exchanged it for aid when Aaron Burr laid siege to the state capital. Now, Harmer must draw a line between “the legal acts of a respectable nation, and the unwarranted proceedings of an unprincipled multitude.” He should recognize land grants made before Clark’s 1778 conquest, and disallow those made since. Trade should be regulated and systematized by a strong central government, which Harmer already advocated. [Cayton, p. 113-4]

7 August –

1784 – Clarksville, IN. George Rogers Clark lays out the town. [KE, p. 195-6]

1789 – Philadelphia, PA. Congress under the Constitution reaffirms the Northwest Ordinance. (See 13 July 1787.) 

1869 – Corydon, IN. Total eclipse of the sun recorded in Deed Record Book 0, No 2, page 576, by M.M. Hon, Recorder, Harrison County, IN. [Griffin 2, p. 353]

8 August –

1885 – Corydon, IN. Littleton Mitchum is granted a license for the practice of medicine, surgery and obstetrics. Unremarkable, except that Mitchum is African American. He is part of the “Mitchum community.” (See 2 February 1928.) [Griffin 2, p. 130]

9 August –

1894 – Corydon, IN. County Commissioners have sunk two wells in the public square. One appears fresh and sweet; the other is laden with sulphur. [Griffin 2, p. 59]

1916 – Utica, IN. Town platted. [EL, p. 908]

10 August –

1988 – Corydon, IN. Arvil Weilbaker, and his sons-in-law Steve Franklin and Marin Wilk, display a Georgia granite maker they have placed on the corner of Weilbaker’s property at North Capitol Avenue and High Street. After purchasing the property, Weilbaker learned from Arvil Funk and Fred Griffin that Harrison County’s first courthouse was not located on the town square. It was on this site, the former home of George F. Pope was pressed into service as the “courthouse on the hill.” [Griffin 2, p. 28, p. 56]

11 August –

1915 – Corydon, IN. Board of Town Trustees passes an ordinance against spitting on sidewalks or any public place in town. [Griffin 2, p. 17]

12 August –

1926 – Corydon, IN. State officials prod Harrison County officials saying that they have had more than enough time to erect a courthouse. The present courthouse, which is also the first state capitol, was purchased by the state in 1917. They want possession of it. [Griffin 2, p. 37]

13 August –

1984 – Elizabeth, IN. Noe’s Rest Park. The largest bur oak tree in the state of Indiana crashes down. It was 200 years old, 20 feet in circumference, 82 inches in diameter, 72 feet tall, and had a crown spread of 132 feet. Eddie Wate, working in a soybean field no quite a mile away, said, “I thought something had blown up.” [Griffin 2, p. 136]

14 August –

15 August –

16 August –

1883 – Corydon, IN. The Corydon Republican carries the announcement that the trustees of the Presbyterian Church last week bought the Willison Hisey property to be used for a parsonage. This property is the remaining portion of the log house built for William Henry Harrison, then sold to William Branham, where he kept a tavern. Sometime before the church’s purchase, half of the house, and the central hallway were removed; the remaining portion being clapboarded. [Griffin 2, p. 1]

1883 – Indianapolis, IN. Hon. Cyrus T. Nixon, editor of the Agricultural Press has recently visited Corydon, IN, and writes: The great need of the town is railroads. What a grand place it would be if it were only a crossing point for two good roads! How everything would quicken into life! [Griffin 2, p. 14]

Deaths –

1949 – Santa Monica, CA. Lillian Sinclair Cooper, daughter of Lee Wiley and Caroline Sinclair. She joins her parents in the family mausoleum in Crown Hill Cemetery, Salem, IN. [Bundy; Visions…, p. 107]

17 August –

18 August –

1922 – Corydon, IN. We the Board of Commissioners of Harrison County, Indiana, do hereby order the Country Auditor to notify C.L. Dick to remove the buildings now situated on lot No. 35, (known as the Martin Hotel and Funk building) the site of the new Court House site at once. [signed] John L. Windell, Thos H. Smith, Frank Pearson [Griffin 2, p. 61]

1954 – Corydon, IN. Married on the past 4th of July, Mr. & Mrs. Fred Griffin are treated to a charivari last Saturday night. Many of the bridegroom’s former high school students assured a raucous evening. [Griffin 2, p. 372]

Births –

1864 – Harrison County, IN. Lew M. O’Bannon born. He will be a teacher at age 17, an attorney, dabbles in politics beginning around 1897, and in 1907 purchases the Corydon Democrat. The newspaper will remain in the family to the present day as the Harrison County Press. (See 12 June 1924.) [Griffin 2, p. 185]

19 August –

1964 – Corydon, IN. The Corydon Democrat carries a photograph of the jail which is soon to be demolished to make way for a new jail. The present structure is the third jail to be built on the same site, erected after the disastrous fire of 1872. [Griffin 2, p. 103]

20 August –

1794 – Maumee River, near Toledo, OH. Battle of Fallen Timbers. General Anthony Wayne defeats Northwestern Indians. The Indians’ British allies, inside Fort Miami, will not help. The American war for independence is only just over; the British are currently fighting the French in Europe; and the Jay Treaty is still being negotiated. Fallen Timbers concludes two decades of Indian raids on Kentucky. It leads to the 1795 Treaty of Greenville, opening the Northwest Territory to white settlement. The Jay Treaty stipulated that Britain would evacuate forts within the United States. [KE, p. 304]

21 August –

1861 – Fort Wayne, IN. Henry Ware Lawton re-enlists in the United States Army. He has completed a 90 day enlistment in Company E of the Ninth Indiana Infantry, earning a promotion to sergeant. The Ninth was in (present West) VA. Now he is commissioned a first lieutenant in the Thirtieth Indiana Infantry, which is dispatched to the western theatre. (See 17 March 1843; 17 May 1862; 3 August 1864; 10 February 1865; 4 May 1867; 31 July 1867; 18 February 1889; 18 December 1899; 19 December 1899.) [Funk, p. 136-7]

22 August –

23 August –

24 August –

1888 – Crawfordsville, IN. Mr. Mary Catharine Naylor, sis-in-law of Samuel Merrill, first state treasurer, writes an account of the moving of the capital from Corydon to Indianapolis. [Griffin; p. 47]

1964 – Corydon, IN. Beginning today and continuing until 28 August, the 1872 jail is demolished. Sheriff Norman Troncin will use the New Albany jail, or the jail at English. (See 28-29 June 1965.) [Griffin 2, p. 103]

25 August –

1971 – Corydon, IN. Teenagers, under the guidance of Frederick P. Griffin, finish gathering the data on 400 Harrison County cemeteries. Griffin had started the project with his high school students in 1939. [Griffin 2, p. 302]

26 August –

27 August –

1883 – Marengo, IN. Blanche Hiestand, 16 years old, and her brother Orris Heistand, 11 years old, exploring a sinkhole, discover what will be named Marengo Cave. [Griffin 2, p. 291]

1891 – Wisconsin. Lyman C. Draper dies. He leaves 2,546 volumes of historical material and 478 volumes of manuscripts at the Wisconsin Historical Society. [KE, p. 271]

28 August –

1924 – Corydon, IN. Keller’s, clockmakers, merchants, manufacturers, proudly announce their anniversary “Since 1850.” [Griffin 2, p. 296-7]

Births –

1823 – Rosburyshire, Scotland. James Oliver born. (See 3 April 1835; 30 June 1857; 2 March 1908.) [Funk, p. 134-5]

Deaths –

1855 – Noblesville, IN. William Conner dies. [Funk, 66-71]

29 August –

30 August –

1838 – near present-day Plymouth, IN. By order of Governor David Wallace, General John Tipton and about 100 soldiers surround the village and people of Potawatomie Chief Menominee. Their forcible removal from Indiana is underway. [Funk, p. 46]
31 August –


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