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July in Indiana  History

1 July –

1838 – Vincennes, IN. First shipment of bricks due for bank building. (See 9 February 1838; 13 February 1838; 1 April 1838; 1 August 1838.) [Funk, p. 60-65]

2 July –

Deaths –
1827 – Waverly, IN. Jacob Whetzel dies. He is buried on his farm. (See 16 September 1765.) [Funk, p. 52-5]

1968 - David Letterman and Michelle Cook marry.

3 July –

1811 – Fort Wayne military post. Capt. J. Rhea, Garrison Orders: Tomorrow being the anniversary of the Indipendence of the United States of America – at day breake, there will be a gun fired – and at one OClock there will be seventeen rounds fired from two Howitzers which will be paraded in the Esplanade – and each person who is entitled to a ration, will receive an extra Gill [quarter-pint] of whiskey. (See 3 July 1812.) [Griffin 2, p. 88]

1812 – Fort Wayne military post. Capt. J. Rhea, Garrison Orders: Tomorrow being the day of the Independence of the United States, the Commanding Officer thinks proper to order one Gill [quarter-pint] of whiskey to each N.C. Officer musician & private & one Gill to each woman that draws a ration, but hopes to see the men conduct [themselves] with propriety, and will not indulge them to get drunk at this time, but will Indulge them with what will do them good; but the Commanding Officer will be the judge.” (See 3 July 1811.) [Griffin 2, p. 88]

4 July –

1778 – Kaskaskia, IL. George Rogers Clark takes Fort Gage. A short time later, his army will also capture Cahokia, IL. [Funk, p. 178]

1800 – Washington City. Indiana Territory formed (act of Congress 7 May 1800). It includes present-day Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and parts of Minnesota and Michigan.

1805 – Washington City. The District of Louisiana removed from the jurisdiction of Indiana Territory.

1815 – Madison, IN. A fragment of the Western Eagle carries legal notices and other county printing for Jefferson County, IN. The Western Eagle was evidently the only newspaper available to southeastern Indiana. Founded in 1813, by Seth M. Leavenworth and William Hendricks, who brought the press with them from Cincinnati. Leavenworth soon disassociated himself and Hendricks partnered with a printer named Jacob Rhodes. After less than a year in Madison, they moved the press to Lexington, IN, and continued to publish. Hendricks and Rhodes were the state printers for 1814 and 1815. [Griffin 2, p. 180]

1822 – Indianapolis, IN. The first official 4th celebration in the new capital. A “fine buck deer” was shot in the north part of town and was roasted whole in the middle of Washington Street just west of Missouri Street. [Griffin 2, p. 88]

1954 – Corydon, IN. Frederick P. Griffin and Eleanor Ashton marry. Fred is part of the Porter-Griffin family, living on the square, owners of the Porter-Griffin house (Governor Hendricks headquarters). He is Harrison County historian. [Griffin 2, p. 372]

5 July –

1987 – Corydon, IN. Late Sunday afternoon, a tornado damages roofs and trees. [Griffin 2, p. 156]

6 July –

1987 – Corydon, IN. For the second day in a row, a tornado damages roofs and trees. This storm is more severe than yesterday’s. [Griffin 2, p. 156]

7 July –

1863 – Morvin’s Landing, near Mauckport, IN. John Hunt Morgan lands his 2,000 troops using steamers John B. McCombs and Alice Dean. They start north up the Corydon road. [EL, p. 370-3]

1909 – New Albany, IN. William Jennings Bryan Herman born. He will be a Hall of Fame baseball player. (See 5 September 1992.) [EL, p. 382]

8 July –

1863 – Indianapolis, IN. Word of John Hunt Morgan’s cavalry raid crossing into Harrison County is received. Governor Oliver P. Morton summons men for military service. Within 48 hours, 60,000 men are headed for Corydon. [Griffin 2, p. 363]

1863 – on the Mauckport Road, Harrison County, IN. Peter Glenn, a respected local farmer and Union loyalist, is killed by troops of John Hunt Morgan. His son John is seriously wounded. [Funk, p. 110-120]

1871 – Scott township, Harrison County, IN. Midnight. James N. Keen, about 30 years old, is dragged from his bed by some 20 men, tied to a tree and lashed with hickory sticks until the blood runs down onto the ground. He is thought to be a petty thief. He is told to collect himself and his belongings and leave the county. This is the first assault attributed to the “white caps.” [Griffin 2, p. 354]

1963 – Mauckport, IN. Centennial Year of Morgan’s Crossing Ohio; Gettysburg postage stamp cancellation. [Griffin 2, p. 363]

9 July –

1750 – Fairfax, VA. Thomas Posey born.

1863 – Clark County, IN. Davis marches through Utica township and New Providence. He and 19 others captured east of town and lodged in New Albany jail before being shipped to a Union prison.

1863 – Corydon, IN. John Hunt Morgan and his troops engage the Home Guard. In roughly 30 minutes 8 Confederates are killed, 33 wounded; 2 Home Guards killed, 8 wounded. Shops on the square are looted; Confederates eat the food women have prepared for the Union soldiers still en route; and the raiders visit the bank, but the funds have previously been sent to New Albany for safety. While in Corydon, where he commandeers the Kintner House for his headquarters, Hunt Morgan receives word of the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg, 5 days earlier. The Battle of Corydon and the Battle of Gettysburg are the only battles of the Civil War fought north of the Mason-Dixon line. [EL, p. 370-3] [Griffin 2, p. 162]

1868 – Shields watering station, Brownstown, IN. Six of the Reno gang, Frank Sparks, Volney Elliott, John Moore, Charles Roseberry, Henry Jerrell and Theodore Clifton attempt to rob the O.&M. train. The engineer, James Flanders, has heard of the plot, however, and 10 Pinkerton detectives are hidden in the express car. (See 6 October 1866; 22 May 1868; 20 July 1868; 25 July 1868; 30 July 1868; 11 December 1868; 12 December 1868.) [Funk, p. 102-7]

1963 – Corydon, IN. Centennial postage stamp; Gettysburg, cancellation Corydon. [Griffin 2, p. 365]

10 July –

1863 – Corydon, IN. General Hobson and his Union troops arrive, pursuing John Hunt Morgan’s Confederate cavalry. Miss Abbie Slemons (1830-1863), loyal Unionist, organizes local women to provide drinking water to the mounted troops. The July heat is oppressive; she dies within a month. [Griffin 2, p. 379]

1863 – Salem, IN. John Hunt Morgan’s men reassemble and plunder the undefended town. Salem suffers the worst losses in Indiana; additionally, railroad tracks for miles are torn up. Moving on to Vienna, IN, they capture the telegrapher and use the opportunity to disseminate disinformation. [Funk, p. 86-9]

11 July –

1807 – Corydon, IN. Territorial governor William Henry Harrison purchases 207 acres, the land on which the town will be built. He in turn will sell this certificate of purchase to Harvey Heth, a government surveyor who will plat and lay out the town of Corydon in 1808. Heth will not, however, pay the United States government for the land until 1813. Structures were built; settlers came; the community began in 1808 – but no deeds would be issued until 1813. [Griffin 2, p. 1]

1863 – Vernon and North Vernon, IN. Some 2,500 men assemble and place guns on the high points around town. When John Hunt Morgan arrives to discover the well-organized, to say nothing of determined, resistance, he hoists a white flag and by messenger demands the town’s surrender. “Spirited replies” fly back and forth, but Morgan quietly skirts the town, bypassing the home guard altogether. They move on to Dupont, again capturing the telegrapher and making the wire hum with misinformation. They will spend the night. [Funk, p. 86-9]

12 July –

1760 – Vincennes, IN. At St. Francis Xavier Parish, a slave named Susanne is baptized. Later the same day, she marries Joseph. Both are the property of M. Crepau, who presents Susanne for baptism, and sanctions the marriage by witnessing it. Fourteen months later comes the record of the baptism of their daughter, Susanne. [Cayton, p. 52]

1809 – Vincennes, IN. Jno. Brindley petitions to establish a ferry on the Ohio River opposite Salt Landing, KY. Governor William Henry Harrison establishes the ferry, connecting Indiana with the Wilderness Road. [Griffin 2, p. 51]

1862 – Washington City. Congress authorizes a new award conspicuous bravery by American fighting persons. The Congressional Medal of Honor will become the nation’s highest honor. [Funk, p. 130]

1863 – Dupont, IN. John Hunt Morgan and his raiders break camp and head due east, bound for the Michigan Road, which they pick up about Bryantsburg. Heading north, they plunder Versailles; then on to Osgood, on the Ohio & Mississippi Railroad, where two bridges are destroyed and several miles of track torn up. This is Morgan’s last hurrah in Indiana. [Funk, p. 86-9]

1917 – Corydon, IN. Report of one of the last “pole raisin’ s.” A 104 feet tall flag pole was hoisted on the square to show patriotism. It is an old custom associated with elections and patriotic celebrations. Lew M. O’Bannon was master of ceremonies, and several Civil War veterans assisted in raising the flag pole. [Griffin 2, p. 62-3]

1923 – Corydon, IN. Closing night of the Redpath Chautauqua. (See 26 July 1933.) [Griffin 2, p. 66]

13 July –

1787 – Philadelphia, PA. The Continental Congress passes an Ordinance creating the Northwest Territory. [Funk, p. 188] This Ordinance lays claim to Michigan, which is in fact still in dispute. 
  The Congress of the Confederation passes An Ordinance for the Government of the Territory of the United States, North-West of the River Ohio. Colloquially, it will be called the Northwest Ordinance. (See 7 August 1789.)

1863 – Dearborn County, IN. John Hunt Morgan and his raiders leave Indiana, crossing into Ohio at Harrison, about noon. [Funk, p. 86-9]

1920 – New Albany, IN. Noon. The Board of [Floyd] County Commissioners pays to the New Albany, Lanesville and Corydon Plank Road Company $10,000 cash and $15,000 5 percent bonds. They receive the deed to nine miles of the old plank road, which is now free for the first time in its 50 year history. [Griffin 2, p. 161-2]

14 July –

Deaths –

1814 – Fort Wayne, IN. Little Turtle, chief of the Miami Indians, dies at the home of his son-in-law, William Wells. (See 4 November 1791.) [Funk, p. 13-16]

15 July –

16 July –

1863 – Harrison County, IN. Mrs. Cynthia Booker Denbo dies. During John Hunt Morgan’s raid, the Confederates ordered the large woman to carry water to them and their horses from a spring. Any signs of flagging brought threats. Her family said she “took a chill.” [Griffin 2, p. 378-9]

17 July –

1988 – Corydon, IN. Mary Sample Conrad sells her home to the state of Indiana. Her home happens to be the first state office building. The state treasury reposed in the cellar in a large trunk. [Griffin 2, p. 299]

18 July –

19 July –

1864 – Andersonville Prison, GA. One hundred and thirty men die, the greatest number of any one day of the prison’s grim year of operation. Pvt. Michael Dougherty, Congressional Medal of Honor recipient from Pennsylvania, is part of a Hundred (division of prisoners) with many Hoosiers. He records: ...One hundred and thirty prisoners is so hot we are almost roasted. There were 127 of my regiment captured the day I was, and of that number eighty-one have since died and the rest are most dead than alive; exposure and long confinement is doing its work among us. There are 37,000 men crowded into a space of twenty-six acres. (See 15 February 1864; 20 February 1864; 24 March 1864; 7 June 1864; 22 July 1864; 10 November 1865.) [Funk, 90-97]

20 July –

1838 – Bradford, IN. Town platted and laid out by Ulrich H. Hon. [Griffin 2, p. 30]

1862 – Atlanta, GA. Walter Q. Gresham shot in the knee by a Confederate sniper. The wound incapacitates him for a year. [Funk, p. 148-50]

1868 – Seymour, IN. Volney Elliott, John Moore and Charles Roseberry are placed on the O.&M. train for transport to the jail at Brownstown. About three miles outside of Seymour, however, a hooded mob calling themselves the Jackson County Vigilance Committee stops the train, takes the three terrified prisoners to a large beech tree, and lynches them. (See 6 October 1866; 22 May 1868; 9 July 1868; 25 July 1868; 30 July 1868; 11 December 1868; 12 December 1868.) [Funk, p. 102-7]

1989 – Culver City, CA. The Louisville Courier-Journal reports that Ed Phillips hands guards at Lorimar Studios two metal canisters containing methyl bromide, a toxic gas. He tells them, “You have five minutes to live,” then crashes his rented truck through the gates. He fires several shotgun blasts, before killing himself. Actor Ken Kercheval, the object of Phillips’ rage, is not present, being on location elsewhere. Phillips blames Kercheval for the loss of his wife, his family and his business, Old Capitol Popcorn. (See 29 May 1985.) [Griffin 2, p. 370]

1990 – Corydon, IN. A letter arrives from Corydon, KY, asking for information about the town and the name. It seems that Corydon, IN, native Patsy Atcherson, wife of Dr. John M Dosey, named the Kentucky town when the couple settled it in 1847. [Griffin 2, p. 25] 

Births –

1892 – New Albany, IN. Joseph Elmer Ritter born. He will become a cardinal in the Roman Catholic church. (See 30 May 1917; 28 March 1933; 10 December 1960; 10 June 1967.) [EL, p. 763-4]

21 July –

1818 – New Albany, IN. Epaphras Jones buys several hundred acres of land from William Croghan. He then has it surveyed and laid out in street. He intends to establish the town of Providence. He establishes a ferry where the Kentucky & Indiana Railroad bridge is later built. He plans a road to Vincennes which would by-pass New Albany. This road is never finished; the beginnings of it are today’s Vincennes Street. (See 10 February 1764; 14 February 1847.) [EL, p. 453]

22 July –

1864 – Andersonville Prison, IN. In an incident reminiscent of the Harrison County, IN, “white caps,” Hoosiers in the prison are part of the Regulators, organized to put an end to the Raiders, men who robbed and murdered their fellow prisoners. On this day, the Regulators hang the six men deemed leaders of the Raiders. (See 15 February 1864; 20 February 1864; 24 March 1864; 7 June 1864; 19 July 1864; 10 November 1865.) [Funk, 90-97]

Deaths –

1819 – Laconia, IN. David A. Leonard dies. He is buried in the Goshen Church graveyard. He was apparently the first pastor of the flock. The Goshen Church, probably completed in 1813, is the oldest religious structure in Harrison County, and the first Baptist church in Indiana. [Griffin 2, p. 317] It is built by Squire Boone, an ordained Baptist minister. [Funk, p. 155-160]

23 July –

24 July –

25 July –

1868 – Seymour, IN. Frank Sparks, John Moore and Henry Jerrell start by wagon to the Brownstown jail. They are hanged by the same mob from the same beech tree. The spot is still known as Hangman’s Crossing; the beech was supposedly burned by relatives of the lynched outlaws. (See 6 October 1866; 22 May 1868; 9 July 1868; 20 July 1868; 30 July 1868; 11 December 1868; 12 December 1868.) [Funk, p. 102-7]

26 July –

1834 – Charlestown, IN. Jonathan Jennings dies. He is buried in the Charlestown Cemetery. He was governor of Indiana 1816-22; representative to Congress 2 December 1822 – 3March 1831. [EL, p. 445]

1926 – Powderly, KY. Jules Guy born. He will be adopted by Armen and Essa Best of Corydon, IN, and named James. He will become one of motion picture and television’s ablest character actors and will be best known as Sheriff Roscoe P. Coltrane, on “The Dukes of Hazard.” 

1933 – Corydon, IN. A report that the just concluded Corydon Chautauqua was as satisfactory as the Redpath Chautauqua programs. [Griffin 2, p. 67]

27 July –

28 July –

1813 – Corydon, IN. Hervy Heth and his wife Rebecca give Harrison County a deed for two lots of “publick ground.” (See 11 July 1807; 9 March 1809.) [Griffin 2, p. 56]

29 July

1805 – Vincennes, IN. General Assembly convened for the first time. [Kramer, p. 71]

30 July –

1868 – Lexington, IN. William and Simeon Reno are taken to the stronger jail in New Albany, moments ahead of a lynch mob. (See 6 October 1866; 22 May 1868; 9 July 1868; 20 July 1868; 25 July 1868; 11 December 1868; 12 December 1868.) [Funk, p. 102-7]

31 July –

1861 – Jeffersonville, IN. During this month Camp Joe Holt opened. By September it has recruited more than 2,000 locals for the Union Army. (See Kentucky 6 January 1807; Kentucky 3 September 1862; 1 December 1876; Kentucky 1 August 1894.) [EL, p. 395]

1867 – Henry Ware Lawton promoted to rank of first lieutenant. (See 17 March 1843; 21 August 1861; 17 May 1862; 3 August 1864; 10 February 1865; 4 May 1867; 18 February 1889; 18 December 1899; 19 December 1899.) [Funk, p. 136-7]

1976 – Corydon, IN. Bicentennial Pony Express of 1976 re-enactment – 140 miles, 1000 horses, 1000 people will carry messages from President, Vice-President of the United States, United States Senators and State Governors, Governor of Indiana to meet Pony Express at State Capital. [Griffin 2, p. 252]


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