Cameo103 masth102
January in Kentucky History

1 January –
1778 – Virginia General Assembly. A settler could claim four hundred acres of land by building a cabin and planting a stand of corn by this date. Known as “corn patch and cabin rights.” [KE, p. 228]

1795 – Louisville, KY. Michael Lacassagne becomes first postmaster. The post office is likely in his home, on the north side of Main at Fifth. It is a French style cottage with a veranda around three sides and painted in beautiful colors. [EL, p. 496]

1799 – Lexington, KY. Transylvania University created from consolidation of Transylvania Seminary and Kentucky Academy. (See 12 December 1794.) [KE, p. 489-90]

1805 – New York state. Shaker missionaries leave for Kentucky. [KE, p. 810-3]

1808 – Liberty, KY. Town selected as seat of Casey County. [KE, p. 553]

1813 – Hopkinsville, KY. First issue of the Western Eaglepublished. [KE, p. 440-1]

1861 – Louisville, KY. Charles Hermany becomes chief engineer of the Louisville Water Works. He will design and construct the mechanisms necessary to deliver sparkling clear water to Louisville, while pumping it from the muddy Ohio River. [EL, p. 382]

1863 – Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation. 

1867 – Covington, KY. Roebling Suspension Bridge to Cincinnati opens to traffic. At 1,057 feet it is the longest suspension bridge in the world. Its architect is John August Roebling. He will next design the New York’s Brooklyn Bridge. [KE. P. 779-80]

1869 – Louisville, KY. Only remaining office of the Freedman’s Bureau in the commonwealth. It will close in June 1872. [KE, p. 345-7]

1889 – Williamsburg, KY. The Williamsburg Institute is dedicated. It will become Cumberland College. [KE, p. 245]

1891 – White River, SD. Captain John B. Kerr, of Fayette County, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1891 – Louisville, KY. On the northwest corner of Fourth and Main Streets, the Commercial Club Building, later called the Columbia Building, opens. At 10 stories, it is the city’s tallest building for several years. It is constructed with load-bearing masonry walls.

1897 – London, KY. Sue Bennett Memorial School opens, under auspices of the Women’s Parsonage Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. It will become Sue Bennett College. [KE, p. 859-60]

1902 – Murray, KY. Nathan Stubblefield demonstrates a radio transmitter-receiver. A crowd of about 1,000 witnesses as he transmits his son’s voice from the family home to a shed, then to a receiver approximately one mile away. (See 27 December 1860; 20 March 1902; 22 May 1902; 28 March 1928.) [KE, p. 859]

1926 – Jefferson County, KY. Henry Irvin Fox elected county judge. However, the election will be invalidated in June 1927, on grounds of voting irregularities. (See 19 May 1882; 31 December 1933; 5 December 1957.) [EL, p. 318]

1928 – Bowling Green, KY. West State Normal School and Teachers College (now Western Kentucky University) took over operation of Ogden College, created with the bequest of Robert W. Ogden, who died in 1873. [KE. p. 688-9]

1932 – Washington, DC. Congress designates Camp Knox a permanent garrison and changes the name to Fort Knox. [KE, p. 345-6]

1938 – James Mark Beauchamp takes office as Jefferson County judge. His administration will see the organization of a nationally recognized playground system. [EL, p. 79]

1982 – Louisville, KY. The K&I Bridge is sold to the Norfolk Southern Railroad. (See 1 April 1880; 22 June 1886; 16 October 1886.) [EL, p. 460-1]

Births –
1838 – Columbia KY. Mary Ann Parmelia Zantippe (Tip) Saunders born to Mary Hancock, who was Samuel L. Clemens’ aunt and the inspiration for Tom Sawyer’s Aunt Polly. Tip will become a well-known artist. (See 4 December 1922.) [EL, p. 788-9]

1890 – near Buckhorn, KY. Willie Sandlin born. He will earn the Congressional Medal of Honor. (See 26 September 1918.) [KE, p. 797]

1922 – Hastings, NB. William O. Cowger born. Elected mayor of Louisville, KY, in 1961, he will dismantle the Democratic machine of Mickey Brennan (See 19 February 1977; 25 November 1938 entries.) [KE, p. 237]

Deaths –
1919 – Louisville, KY. Mason Maury dies. One of Kentucky’s most progressive architects, he had introduced Richardsonian Romanesque style to the commonwealth. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [KE, p. 616-7]

2 January –
1818 – Prestonsburg, KY. Town incorporated. (See 3 May 1797.) [KE, p. 739]

1864 – Kentucky. Brigadier General Jeremiah T. Boyle’s flagrant flouting of Kentuckians’ civil rights results in his being relieved of his command. [KE, p. 109]

1866 – Louisville, KY. Councilmen and aldermen unanimously chose James Smith Lithgow mayor, after they impeach Philip Tomppert. (See 29 November 1812; 14 February 1867; 21 February 1902.) [EL, p. 523]

1905 – Louisville, KY. Axton-Fisher Tobacco Company founded. Enjoying regional success, AFTC broke into the national market in May 1926 with Spud, the first mentholated smoke. In June 1932, the company introduced Twenty Grand; ten cents each, these were very popular throughout the Depression. In 1944, the company’s assets are sold to Philip Morris, which continues operations at the Twentieth and Broadway plant until 2000; shutting down entirely in 2006. [EL, p. 56]

1934 – Lexington, KY. Florence McDowell (Shelby) Cantrill becomes the first woman to represent Lexington in the General Assembly. She will also be the city’s first woman commissioner, and will be mayor pro tem from 1936-40. [KE, p. 160]

Births –
1831 – Franklin County, KY. James W. Tate born. (See 14 March 1888.) [KE, p. 867-8]

1908 – Middletown, KY. Lawrence Winchester Wetherby born. He will be governor 1950-55. (See 27 March 1994.) [KE, p. 945-6]

3 January –
1829 – Kentucky. Hancock County is formed from parts of Ohio, Breckinridge and Daviess counties and named in honor of John Hancock. Hawesville is the county seat. [KE, p. 401-2]

1862 – Beech Grove, KY. Confederate Major General George Crittenden arrives to assume command. Brigadier General Felix Zollicoffer has split his army between Beech Grove and Mill Springs. (See 19 January 1862.) [KE, p. 638-9]

1865 – Burkesville, KY. The (second) Cumberland County courthouse burned by Confederates commanded by General H.B. Lyons. They also ransack the town. [KE, p. 143]

Births –
1817 – Cumberland (now Clinton) County, KY. Thomas Elliott Bramlette born. He will be governor 1863-1867. [KE, p. 112]

Deaths –
1919 – Cincinnati, OH. Frank Duveneck dies. (See 9 October 1848 and 25 March 1866 entries.) [KE, p. 276]

4 January –
 1799 – Lincoln County Court of Quarter Sessions. Big Harpe, Little Harpe, the two wives of Big Harpe, and the one wife of Little Harpe appear. This court finds probable grounds to try them for murder, and the case is transferred to the District Court in Danville. (See 14 December 1798; 5 January 1799; 20 January 1799; 13 February 1799; 27 February 1799; 16 March 1799; 15 April 1799; 22 April 1799; 20 August 1799; 4 September 1799; 13 January 1804; 4 February 1804 (8 February 1804?).) [McQueen; More offbeat…; p. 20-8]

1864 – Kentucky. Brigadier General Jeremiah T. Boyle resigns his command. [KE, p. 109]

1865 – Owensboro, KY. Captain William Davison and his Confederate guerrillas burn Daviess County courthouse, where African American Union troops had been billeted. [KE, p. 700-1]

Births –
1844 – near Boonville, MO. James Breckinridge Speed born. He is the grandson of Farmington’s builder Judge John Speed and he will grow up in Louisville. The Speed Scientific School at the University of Louisville and the J.B. Speed Art Museum, now simply the Speed Museum, are named in his honor. (See 7 July 1912.) [EL, p. 842-3]

1856 – Sullivan County, PA. William Goebel born. He will be the only Kentucky governor assassinated while in office. (See 30 January 1900.) [KE, p. 377]

1900 – Bellevue, KY. Harlan Hubbard born. He will become an early leader in ecology, expressing his concerns and ideals in painting, writing and music. (See 16 January 1988.) [KE, p. 444]

Deaths –
1991 – Louisville, KY. George Hadley, widower of Mary Alice Hadley (see 15 May 1911 and 26 December 1965), and founder of Hadley Pottery, dies. [KE, p. 397]

5 January –
1799 – Danville, KY. The Harpes and their three pregnant wives are lodged in the jail, awaiting trial in April. (See 14 December 1798; 4 January 1799; 20 January 1799; 13 February 1799; 27 February 1799; 16 March 1799; 15 April 1799; 22 April 1799; 20 August 1799; 4 September 1799; 13 January 1804; 4 February 1804 (8 February 1804?).) [McQueen; More offbeat…; p. 20-8]

1967 – Boonville, KY. Owsley County’s 1931 courthouse burns. [KE, p. 102]

Births –
1803 – Stafford County, VA. William Stanton Pilcher born. He will be mayor of Louisville 4 April 1857 – 13 May 1858, when he becomes too ill to serve. He will be on the American, or Know-Nothing, party. (See 14 August 1858.) [EL, p. 704]

1915 – Louisville, KY. Victor Mature born. [KE, p. 616]

1928 – Cherokee County, NC. Loyal Jones born. He will become an authority on Appalachia. [KE, p. 480]

Deaths –
1954 – en route to Las Vegas, NV. Death Valley Scotty dies. He is buried at the castle in Death Valley. (See 20 September 1972.) [KE, p. 804-5]

1973 – Louisville, KY. William Lee Lyons Brown dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See also 26 July 1906 and 9 April 1997 entries.) [EL, p. 133]

6 January –
1775 – North Carolina. Richard Henderson reorganizes the Louisa Company, adds members and forms the Transylvania Company. (See 20 April 1735; 27 August 1774; 10 February 1775; 17 March 1775; 21 March 1775; 23 March 1775; 25 September 1775; 4 November 1775; 28 December 1763; 30 January 1785.) [KE, p. 422-3]

1812 – Frankfort, KY. The General Assembly recognizes Greenville, KY, as an established settlement. It is named in honor of Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene.[KE, p. 390-1]

1812 – Union County, Kentucky. Morganfield established, named in honor of Revolutionary War General Daniel Morgan, former owner of the land. [KE, p. 653]

1920 – Frankfort, KY. The legislature ratifies the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, giving women the right to vote. This is largely due to the work of Madeline McDowell Breckinridge (20 May 1872 – 25 November 1920). [KE, p. 118-119]

1942 – Washington, DC. War Department approves site of Fort Campbell, KY. It will be named in honor of Colonel William Bowen Campbell. [KE, p. 343-4]

1969 – Kien Phong, Vietnam. Sergeant Don J. Jenkins, of Quality, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

2003 – Louisville, KY. Louisville city government and Jefferson County government merge, forming the 16thlargest city in the United States. 

Births –

1807 – near Hardinsburg, KY. Joseph Holt born. (See Indiana 31 July 1861; 3 September 1862; 1 December 1875; 1 August 1894.) [KE, p. 438]

Deaths –

1897 – Honolulu, HA. Albert Shelby Willis dies. He is buried in Louisville’s Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 22 January 1843.) [EL, p. 944-5]

7 January –

1819 – Washington City. President James Monroe confirms treaty between United States and Chickasaw nation, which gives Tennessee the western part of the state, and gives Kentucky the Jackson Purchase. (See 19 October 1818.) [KE, p. 460-2]

1824 – Kentucky. Spencer County formed from parts of Nelson, Shelby and Bullitt counties. It is named in honor of Captain Spier Spencer. County seat is Taylorsville. [KE, p. 841-2]

1852 – Calhoun, KY. Town incorporated. [KE, p. 151]

1852 – Kentucky. Powell County formed from parts of Clark, Estill and Montgomery counties. It is named in honor of Governor Lazarus Whitehead Powell. Stanton is the seat. [KE, p. 732-3]

1862 – Johnson County, KY. An hard-fought skirmish along Jenny’s Creek. [KE, p. 476]

1864 – Barbourville, KY. General Ulysses s. Grant spends the night after inspecting the road to Cumberland Gap. [KE, p. 51]

1946 – Louisville, KY. Horace M. Barker takes office as Jefferson County Judge executive. He immediately launches an investigation of the county police, which results in a complete overhaul with new hiring criteria and a training academy. He will also acquire park and timberland for public use. [EL, p. 67]

Deaths –

1869 – New Orleans, LA. Lovell Harrison Rousseau dies. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. (See 4 August 1818.) [KE, p. 783]

8 January – 

1815 – Battle of New Orleans. Anniversary celebrated with military music, bells, cannon, ball, toasts: [to town] May the light of Truth continue to emanate, and at length shine out so refulgent, that Error shall fly trembling before it.

Births –

Birthday of Thomas Paine.

1799 – Louisville, KY. John Joyes born. He will be mayor 1834-36. (See 31 May 1877; 9 December 1787; 4 May 1866.) [EL, p. 454]

1908 – Middletown, KY. Lawrence Winchester Wetherby born. He will be the only Kentucky governor (1951-5) who is a Jefferson County native. (See 27 March 1994.) [EL, p. 933-4]

Deaths –

1914 – Glen Lily, near Munfordville, KY. Former governor Simon Bolivar Buckner dies. He was the last surviving Confederate of lieutenant general rank. He is buried in Frankfort Cemetery [KE, p. 136-7]

9 January –

1859 – KY/TN border. Austin P. Cox, Kentucky surveyor, and Benjamin Pebbles, Tennessee surveyor, begin to blaze a 320-mile retracing of the Dr. Thomas Walker line from New Madrid Bend to Cumberland Gap. (See also 20 October, 1859 entry.) [KE, p. 103]

1937 – Louisville, KY. Rain begins. [EL, p. 296-7]

Births –

1757 – South Carolina. John Adair born. He will be governor of Kentucky 1820-1824. He was also a Revolutionary War soldier, member of the constitutional conventions of 1792 and 1799, a state representative and Speaker of the House. He was also a United States Senator. [KE, p. 1-2]

1924 – Simpson County, KY. Henry Lawrence Faulkner born. He will be known for both his painting and his poetry. (See 5 December 1981 entry.) [KE, p. 309-10]

1951 – Paintsville, KY. Brenda Gail Webb born. The world will know her better as Crystal Gayle. [KE, p. 939]

Deaths –

1920 – Frankfort, KY. Jennie Chinn Morton dies. She is buried in Frankfort Cemetery. (See 10 January 1838.) [KE, p. 655-6]

1940 – Frankfort, KY. Former governor John Crepps Wickliffe Beckham dies. (See also 5 August 1869; 30 January 1900; and 3 February 1900 entries.) [KE, p. 65]

1960 – Louisville, KY. Omer Carmichael dies. (See 7 March 1893 and 10 September 1956 entries.) [EL, p. 160]

10 January –

1794 – Governor Isaac Shelby writes a four-page letter to United States Secretary of War Major General Henry Knox. He emphasizes the threat from the Indians, making a strong case for a strong militia. Knox supports the plan, but Congress does not.  [Lynn p. 46]

1807 – Mississippi Territory. Aaron Burr, with fewer than 100 followers, arrives to learn that his erstwhile fellow conspirator, General James Wilkinson, has betrayed him by sending President Thomas Jefferson the translation of a cipher letter supposedly written by Burr. The Burr Conspiracy is doomed, along with its instigator. [KE, p. 145]

1862 – Middle Creek between Paintsville and Prestonsburg, KY. Battle of Middle Creek. Colonel James A. Garfield and his troops, more than 3,000 strong, meet Confederates. Though tactically indecisive, this battle and General George thomas’ victory over Confederates at Logan’s Crossing (see 19 January 1862) helped to keep Kentucky in the Union. Garfield becomes a national hero, commissioned a brigadier general, backdated to 10 January. He establishes his headquarters in Prestonsburg, where he remains until March. [KE, p. 363]

Births –

1838 – Franklin County, KY. Jennie Chinn Morton born. She will be instrumental in revitalizing the Kentucky Historical Society (1896), and will found its Register. (See 9 January 1920.) [KE, p. 655-6]

Deaths –

1992 – Louisville, KY. John Michael “Mike” Barry, journalist and broadcaster, dies. [EL, p. 67]

11 January –

1845 – Benton, KY. The town is finally incorporated, almost three years after being named Marshall County seat. [KE, p. 70]

1985 – Louisville, KY. Having begun life as the elegant Brown Hotel, in October 1923, on the northeast corner of Broadway and Fourth Street, the elegantly refurbished Camberley Brown Hotel opens. [EL, p. 157]

2009 – Louisville, KY. The oldest firehouse in the nation closes. Engine No. 7, 6th& York Streets, opened in 1871. It saw the first Kentucky Derby, the first Louisville Slugger baseball bat, the Great Depression, the 1937 flood, two world wars, the Vietnam conflict, and steel and glass highrises, but the budget shortfall claims it.

Births –

1870 – Shelbyville, KY. Alice Caldwell Hegan Rice born. In 1901 she will publish her novel Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch. It will be an international best seller for two years. (See 10 February 1942.) [KE, p. 770-1]

1921 – Lynch, KY. Juanita Morris Kreps born. (See 23 January 1977.) [KE, p. 526]

1946 – Ashland, KY. Diana Judd born. She will become famous as Naomi Judd, with daughter Wynonna Judd, singing duo “The Judds.” (See 30 May 1964.) [KE, p. 481]

Deaths –

1865 – Lexington, KY. Portrait painter Joseph Henry Bush dies. He is buried in Lexington Cemetery. In 1818, in Louisville, he painted portraits of both George Rogers Clark and William Clark. [KE, p. 145]

1904 – Henderson, KY. Former governor John Young Brown dies. [KE, p. 129-30]

12 January –

1811 – Frankfort, KY. James Douglas opens the city’s first recorded theatrical season. Luke Usher’s companies have performed here sporadically. [KE, p. 877-8]

1825 – Kentucky. Edmonson County established from parts of Hart, Grayson and Warren counties. It is named in honor of John Montgomery Edmonson, Revolutionary War veteran, who died at the Battle of the River Raison, 22 January 1813. [KE, p. 284-5]

1827 – Frankfort, KY. Legislature approves a bill to build Kentucky’s third capitol building. [KE, p. 160-2]

1908 – Louisville, KY. Crescent Hill Baptist Church organized. [EL, p. 231-2]

Births –

1896 – Brandon’s Chapel, KY. Keen Johnson born. He will be governor 1939-43. (See 7 February 1970.) [KE, p. 474]

Deaths –

1875 – Louisville, KY. Former governor Thomas Elliott Bramlette dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [KE, p. 112]

1922 – Lagos, Nigeria. Charles Young dies on active duty in the United States Army. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. (See 12 Marcy 1964.) [KE, p. 972-3]

13 January –

1804 – Greenville, KY. Little Harpe, having once escaped and now recaptured, tried and found guilty of murder. (See 14 December 1798; 4 January 1799; 5 January 1799; 20 January 1799; 13 February 1799; 27 February 1799; 16 March 1799; 15 April 1799; 22 April 1799; 20 August 1799; 4 September 1799; 4 February 1804 (8 February 1804?).) [McQueen; More offbeat…; p. 20-8]

1843 – Louisville, KY. Congregation Adath Israel Brith Sholom chartered. It is the city’s first Jewish community. [EL, p. 875]

Births –

1901 – Bedford, IN. Alfred Bertram Guthrie Jr. born. He will become a newspaperman with the (Kentucky) Lexington Leader, and will be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for distinguished fiction for The Way West(1949). (See 29 April 1991.) [KE, p. 395-6]

Deaths –

1864 – New York, NY. Stephen Collins Foster dies in Bellevue Hospital, after being injured in a fall. [KE, p. 349-50]

1939 – near San Antonio, TX. Louisville business and civic leader Peter Lee Atherton dies. (See 7 October 1862 entry.) [EL, p. 52]

14 January –

1815 – Kentucky. Daviess County formed from a part of Ohio County. [KE, p. 254-5]

1896 – Louisville, KY. Robert Emmet King becomes the first Republican mayor. He will be mayor pro tem until 31 January, following the death in office of Henry S. Tyler. (See 11 November 1921.)  [EL, p. 485]

Births –

1749 – Stafford County, VA. James Garrard born. He will be governor 1796-1804. He will be a strong executive who will organize much of government. He will also arrange for an executive mansion; it will be called the Palace and is presently the official home of the lieutenant governor. [KE, p. 363-4]

Deaths –

1919 – Seville, OH. Martin Van Buren Bates, “The Kentucky River Giant,” dies. [KE, p. 60]

1970 – Tompkinsville, KY. Pearl Carter Pace dies. (See 25 January 1896.) [KE, p. 705]

15 January –

1811 – Kentucky. Bath County is created out of part of Montgomery County. It is named for the many healing springs in the area. [KE, p. 60]

1811 – Kentucky. Union County created from part of Henderson County. Seat is Morganfield. [KE, p. 907-8]

1825 – Kentucky. McCracken County is formed from part of Hickman County, and named for Captain Virgil McCracken, killed at the Battle of the River Raisin, 22 January 1813. The county seat is Paducah. [KE, p. 593-4]

1842 – Kentucky. Boyle County is formed from Lincoln and Mercer counties. It is named in honor of Judge John Boyle. County seat is Danville. Kentucky’s largest Civil War battle was fought at Perryville, 8 October 1862. [KE, p. 110]

1845 – Kentucky. Fulton County created, named in honor of Robert Fulton. County seat is Hickman. The namesake town of Fulton will eventually be the “Banana Crossroads of the United States.” [KE, p. 360-1]

1858 – Harrodsburg, KY. The General Assembly charters Kentucky University founded by John B. Bowman. (See 19 September 1859; 16 February 1864.) [KE, p. 515]

1931 – near Seattle, WA. The U.S.S. Louisvillecommissioned. (See 1 September 1930; 7 December 1941; 25 October 1944; 17 June 1946; 14 September 1959; 8 November 1986.) [KE, p. 578]

1937 – Louisville, KY. Rain, which started 9 January, stops. [EL, p. 296-7]

Births –

1869 – Madisonville, KY. Ruby Laffoon born. He will be governor 1831-35. (See 1 March 1941.) [KE, p. 529-30]

16 January –

1781 – Lincoln County, KY. Stephen Trigg appointed colonel of the militia. He will perish along with some 70 people at the Battle of Blue Licks, 19 August 1782. [KE, p. 899]

1827 – Kentucky. Anderson County is formed from parts of Franklin, Washington and Mercer counties. It is named for Richard Clough Anderson Jr., Kentucky legislator, U.S. congressman and minister to Columbia. [KE, p. 22]

1858 – Lexington, KY. The Lexington & Frankfort Company, formerly the Lexington & Ohio Railroad, merges with the Louisville & Frankfort Railway Company. [KE, p. 551]

1862 – U.S.S. Louisville, an ironclad paddlewheel steamer, commissioned. [EL, p. 527-8]

1882 – Catlettsburg, KY. George Ellis, William Neal and Ellis Craft stand trial for murder in the Ashland Tragedy. . (See also 23 December 1881; 30 May 1882; 31 May 1882; 1 November 1882; 12 October 1883; and 27 March 1885 entries.) [KE, p. 38]

1882 – Louisville, KY. Kentucky Wagon Manufacturing Company incorporated. They will manufacture all kinds of wooden vehicles for public and private customers. (See 22 January 1922; 21 February 1940.) [EL, p. 481]

1900 – Frankfort, KY. In the lobby of the Capitol Hotel, the Scott-Colson gun battle erupts. Ethelbert D. Scott and D.G. Colson carry enmity from the Spanish-American War. Lt. Scott failed to rise and salute Colonel Colson; Scott continued to flout military protocol and discipline and would have been thrown out of the army but for political influence. The two meet by chance, two weeks after the Goebel assassination. Each is armed, each opens fire. Out of 18 shots fired, three hit Scott, but he was not killed until Colson’s fourth hit. Four bystanders were also killed, at least two others wounded. Colson is tried – and acquitted. [KE, p. 805]

1994 – Louisville, KY. Snow begins falling. In twenty-four hours, 15.9 inches have covered the city and much of the commonwealth. Schools, businesses, the law courts, emergency services, and the United States mail stop, for one week. [EL, p. 96]

Births –

1779 – Bedford County, VA. James Clark born. He will be a pivotal player in the Old Court/New Court controversy; and he will be governor of Kentucky 1836-39. [KE, p. 196]

1820 – near Lexington, KY. John Cabell Breckinridge born. [KE, p. 117]

1890 – Louisville, KY. Joseph Denunzio Scholtz born. He will be mayor 1937-1941. (See 25 September 1972.) [EL, p. 790]

1932 – San Francisco, CA. Dian Jeanne Fossey born. In 1956, she will live in Louisville, KY, which director of occupational therapy department at Kosair Children’s Hospital. (See 27 December 1985.) [EL, p. 312]

1948 – Carthage, NY. John Howard Carpenter born. The family will move to Bowling Green, KY, in 1953, and live in the log home behind Western’s Kentucky Building. Carpenter will direct the motion pictures Halloween, The Fogand The Thing. [KE, p. 165]

Deaths –

1988 – Harlan Hubbard dies. (See 4 January 1900.) [KE, p. 444]

17 January –

1811 – Frankfort, KY. Governor Charles Scott commissions Henry Crist a general in the Kentucky state militia. [EL, p. 232]

1818 – Kentucky. Whitley County formed from part of Knox County. It is named in honor of Colonel William Whitley. Seat is Williamsburg. [KE, p. 949-50]

1844 – Murray, KY. Town incorporated. Seat of Calloway County, it was established in the 1820s as Williston, for early settler James Willis. Later, it was Pooltown, after local merchant Robert Pool. Next it was called Pleasant Hill. John L. Murray was the United States congressman 1837-39. [KE, p. 663-4]

1890 – Connecticut. National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution is incorporated. Their national headquarters will move to Louisville, KY, in 1979. [EL, p. 647]

1921 – Louisville, KY. The banking commissioner of Kentucky authorizes the First Standard Bank to conduct regular banking operations. (See 5 February 1921; 17 November 1930; 7 May 1931.) [EL, p. 291-2]

1937 – Louisville, KY. Ohio River crests thirty feet above flood stage. Rain resumes and continues steady until 23 January. [EL, p. 296-7]

Births -

1942 – Louisville, KY. Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. born to Cassius Marcellus Sr. and Odessa (Grady) Clay. The world will know him better as World Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali. [EL, p. 21]

18 January –

1810 – Kentucky. Butler County established from parts of Logan and Ohio counties. It is named in honor of Revolutionary War soldier General Richard Butler, who was subsequently killed at St. Clair’s Defeat, 1791. [KE, p. 147]

1813 – Michigan. Battle of the River Raisin begins. (See 22 January 1813.) [KE, p. 416]

1866 – Lexington, KY. General Clinton Fisk witnesses the public whipping of thirteen black soldiers, and the blinding of two. [KE, p. 356-7]

1879 – Louisville, KY. Salmagundi Club founded. It is an all-male social and literary club. [EL, p. 782]

1994 – Frankfort, KY. With a record snowfall of 15.9 inches on the ground, Gov. Brereton Jones orders Kentucky’s interstate highways closed down indefinitely. [EL, p. 96]

Births –

1787 – Burton-on-Trent, England. Lucy Green Bakewell born. On 5 April 1808, she will marry John James Audubon, and come to Kentucky with him. [EL, p. 53]

1868 – Louisville, KY. Charles Griffith Richie born. He will be Jefferson County judge 1 January 1895 – 31 December 1897. He will be the youngest judge ever, not yet 27 years old, and first Republican to fill any judicial post in Jefferson County. There is no record of him in the city after 1904, and several of his family members are buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. But there is no death record for Charles Griffith Ritchie. [EL, p. 762]

Deaths –

1898 – Owenton, KY. Author Laura Catherine Ford (Smith) dies. (See 3 February 1844 entry.) [KE, p. 341]

1908 – Louisville, KY. Charles Hermany dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 9 October 1830.) [KE, p. 427]

19 January –

1801 – Louisville, KY. Samuel Vail establishes the city’s first newspaper, by publishing the Farmer’s Library, or Ohio Intelligencer.  At twenty-two years old, Vail came to Louisville to publish an anti-Federalist paper. (See 23 July 1807 entry.) [KE, p. 308-9]

1820 – Kentucky. Monroe County created from parts of Barren and Cumberland counties. It is named in honor of James Monroe, Virginian who was then president of the United States. County seat is Tompkinsville. [KE, p. 643-4]

1862 – Mill Springs, KY. Battle of Mill Springs. Newly promoted Major General George Bibb Crittenden loses the battle fought here and is blamed for the collapse of the Confederate right flank. He was later exonerated, but resigned his command. [KE, p. 240] Union General George Thomas defeats Confederate forces. This victory and that of James A. Garfield (see 10 January 1862) keep Kentucky Union. [KE, p. 363]

Births –

[1707 – Birthday of King George III’s father]

1887 – Gap-in-the-Knobs, Bullitt County, KY. Frances Barton Fox born. She will become a well-known author, creating strong-willed women characters facing Kentucky rural challenges. Her brother is Fontaine Fox, Jr., creator of the “Toonerville Trolley.” [KE, p. 351]

1939 – Brownie, KY. Phil Everly, younger of the Everly Brothers, born. (See 1 February 1937 entry.) [KE, p. 301]

Deaths –

1822 – Bourbon County, KY. Former governor James Garrard dies at his home. (See 14 January 1749 entry.) [KE, p. 363-4]

1995 – Mishawaka, IN. Sr. Alwinia Heninemann dies. (See 21 April 1908.) [EL, p. 379-80]

20 January –

1799 – Danville, KY. The jailer purchases a bolt and two horse locks to chain Big and Little Harpe to the floor. (See 14 December 1798; 4 January 1799; 5 January 1799; 13 February 1799; 27 February 1799; 16 March 1799; 15 April 1799; 22 April 1799; 20 August 1799; 4 September 1799; 13 January 1804; 4 February 1804 (8 February 1804?).) [McQueen; More offbeat…; p. 20-8]

1847 – Farmdale, KY. Two year old Kentucky Military Academy (KMI) given a state charter. [EL, p. 475-6]

1949 – Washington, DC. Alben W. Barkley is sworn in as the thirty-fifth vice-president of the United States. He is the oldest, at age seventy-one. He will be the only vice-president to marry in office (18 November 1949, to Jane Rucker Hadley); and he was the first working vice-president, Harry Truman wanting his legislative experience in all cabinet-level meetings and the National Security Council. President Truman also commissioned a vice-presidential seal and flag. [KE, p. 53]

Births –

1926 – Packard, KY. Patricia Neal born. [KE, p. 676]

Deaths –

1870 – Lexington, KY. Dr. Benjamin Winslow Dudley dies. He is buried in Lexington Cemetery. [KE, p. 271-2]

21 January –

1819 – Danville, KY. Centre College founded by the Kentucky legislature. [KE, p. 177-8]

1888 – Shelbyville, KY. Citizens’ Bank organized (now Citizens’ Union Bank). [EL, p. 186]

1974 – Louisville, KY. Extendicare becomes Humana Inc. (See 31 January 1968.) [EL, p. 409-10]

Births –

1743 – Windsor, CT. John Fitch born. He will invent a steamboat by 1781, but will be thwarted in developing his idea. He will die in Bardstown, KY, in June or July of 1798, an overdose of opium finishing the ravages of alcoholism. [KE, p. 322]

1906 – Birmingham, England. Molly Clowes born. She may have been the first woman to head the editorial page of a major United States newspaper, when she was named head of editorial page of the Louisville Courier-Journalin 1966. [EL, p. 207-8]

Deaths –

1793 – Paris, France. Louis XVI dies on the guillotine. (See 23 August 1754.) [EL, p. 527]

22 January –

1813 – Monroe, Michigan. Battle of the Raisin River. A major defeat for Kentuckians in War of 1812. [KE, p. 774] Robert Edwards dies. [Reneau, p. 31] John Allen killed while rallying his troops. He is buried in Frankfort (KY) Cemetery. Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky all have counties named in his honor. (See also 30 December 1771, and 5 June 1812 entries.) [KE, p. 15] Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart, brother-in-law of Henry Clay, wounded. He and his men taken captive to Frenchtown, where British Captain William Elliott assures them that next day they will have safe escort through Indian forces. Instead, they are abandoned. (See 23 January 1813.) [KE, p. 415-6]

1829 – Spencer County, KY. County seat, Taylorsville, incorporated. [KE, p. 872]

1865 – Hartford, KY. Guerrillas posing as Federal cavalry arrive in town; murder two genuine Federal soldiers just outside town. Instead of Confederates, the men may have been part of William Clarke Quantrill’s outlaws. [KE, p. 416-7]

1922 – Louisville, KY. The Kentucky Wagon Manufacturing Company/Associated Motor Industries, which has been producing motor cars since about 1916, announces that they anticipate producing 10,000 cars by year’s end, employing 5,000 people. It never materializes. (See 16 January 1882; 21 February 1940.) [EL, p. 481]

1934 – Louisville, KY. Kaelin’s Restaurant opens. (See 12 October 1934.) [EL, p. 456]

Births –

1824 – Henry County, KY. Reuben Thomas Durrett born. He will found the Filson Club, in 1884. [KE, p. 275-6]

1843 – Shelbyville, KY. Albert Shelby Willis born. As a congressman, he will help get tolls removed from Louisville & Portland Canal, and an endowment for the Kentucky School for the Blind. In January 1893, President Grover Cleveland appoints him minister to the kingdom of Hawaii, a post he will hold until his death. (See 6 January 1897.) [EL, p. 944-5]

1875 – Oldham County, KY. David Wark Griffith born. He will become a motion picture director at the beginning of the picture industry, and will pioneer or significantly improve techniques of cinematography and editing. His best known film, however, will be The Birth of a Nation(1915), which is based on Thomas Dixon’s novel The Clansman, which glorified the Ku Klux Klan. In 1919, along with Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford, he formed United Artists company. (See 23 July 1948.) [KE, p. 392-3]

1890 – near Louisa, KY. Frederick Moore Vinson born. He will be United States secretary of the Treasury, and the 13 chief justice of the United States. (See 24 June 1946; 8 September 1953.) [KE, p. 921]

1937 – Louisville, KY. Sarah (“Sallie”) Montague Bingham born. Writer and philanthropist, her demand for a monetary settlement of her family’s assets prompts the sale of the Courier-Journalnewspaper, WHAS television, WHAS radio, and Standard Gravure. [KE, p. 80]

Deaths –

1868 – Louisville, KY. Andrew Monroe disappears from his home on Walnut, between 15th& 16thStreets. It will be four months before his body is found floating in the Louisville & Portland Canal. The death is thought accidental. He is buried in Frankfort, KY. He was Jefferson County’s second judge; 6 September 1858 – 2 September 1866. [EL, p. 625]

1870 – Louisville, KY. George D. Prentice dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 18 December 1802.) [KE, p. 736]

1979 – Louisville, KY. Bertram Calvin Van Arsdale dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [EL, p. 909]

23 January –

1812 – New Madrid, MO. Morning earthquake. (See 16 December 1811; 7 February 1812.) [KE, p. 679]

1813 – near Frenchtown, MI. Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart tomahawked and scalped by Wyandot Indians. (See 22 January 1813.) [KE, p. 415-6] Paschal Hickman, successful businessman and farmer in Frankfort, KY, one of about 65 wounded massacred by Indians. [KE, p. 427]

1840 – La Grange, KY. Settled as the Cross Roads in 1827, town is incorporated. [EL, p. 497]

1924 – Battleship U.S.S. Kentuckysold for scrap. The commonwealth’s name will not sea-going again until 1991, with the Trident missile submarine Kentucky(SSBN-737). [KE, p. 489]

1937 – Louisville, KY. Rain stops. Cold temperatures have produced sleet and freezing rain. River crests at 51.1 feet. [EL, p. 296-7]

1977 – Washington, DC. President Jimmy Carter names Juanita Morris Kreps United States secretary of commerce. (See 11 January 1921.) [KE, p. 526]

Births –

1765 – King and Queen County, VA. Thomas Todd born. Among his many achievements, the original of the 1792 Kentucky constitution is in his handwriting. (See 7 February 1826.) [KE, p. 888]

1854 – Louisville, KY. Charles F. Grainger born. He will be mayor 1901-5. He will also be president of the Louisville Water Company, and Churchill Downs. He will do much to develop and promote the Kentucky Derby. (See 13 April 1923.) [EL, p. 350]

Deaths –

1898 – Bowling Green, KY. Thomas Henry Hines dies. (See 9 October 1838; 16 March 1864; 7 November 1864.) [KE, p. 434]

1943 – Louisville, KY. Cale Young Rice dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. A poet and author in his own right, he was deeply depressed at the death of his wife Alice Hegan Rice. They had been active in literary and artists circles in the community, helping to found the Louisville Arts Club. Rice dies of a self-inflicted gunshot wound sometime in the night. [KE. P. 771]

24 January –

1824 – Danville, KY. The legislature gives control of the Centre College to the Presbyterian denomination of Kentucky. [KE, p. 177-8]

1827 – Kentucky. General Assembly charters Vanceburg. [KE, p. 918]

1851 – Cynthiana, KY. Harrison County courthouse burns. [KE, p. 249-50] 

1924 – Shepherdsville, KY. Bullitt County Women’s Club founds the Bullitt County Public Library. It is house in St. Aloysius Church until the church closes in 1945. [EL, p. 511-13]

1937 – Taylorsville, KY. Heaviest rains (7.36 inches) of the cycle which will produce the 1937 flood. [KE, p. 327-8]

1937 – Louisville, KY. “Black Sunday.” Waterside Electric plant drowns out. Downtown goes dark. [KE, p. 327-8]

1999 – Louisville, KY. Dr. Warren Breidenbach leads the team of surgeons who perform the first transplant of a human hand in the United States. The recipient is Matthew Scott from New Jersey. The surgery, performed at Jewish Hospital, is not completed until 25 January 1999. [EL, p. 367-8]

Deaths –

1861 – Frankfort, KY. Robert Perkins Letcher dies. He is buried in the Frankfort Cemetery. (See 10 February 1788.) [KE, p. 545-6]

1917 – Louisville, KY. Distiller George Garvin Brown dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 2 September 1846 entry.) [EL, p. 131]

1996 – Louisville, KY. Preservationist Helen Abell dies. [EL, p. 1]

25 January –

1834 – Kentucky. Marion County formed from Washington County. It is named in honor of General Francis Marion, the Revolutionary War “Swamp Fox.” County seat is Lebanon. [KE, p. 608-9]

1865 – Marion, KY. Crittenden County courthouse burned by Confederates under Hylan B. Lyons. [KE, p. 608]

1890 – Columbus, OH. Five Kentuckians participate in the three day meeting to form the United Mine Worker of America (UMA). [KE, p. 908-9]

1937 – Louisville, KY. The Courier-Journal the Louisville Timesbegin publishing combined flood editions printed in Shelbyville and later Lexington. WHAS radio will broadcast 187.5 hours of uninterrupted service. Mayor Neville Miller asks Governor Albert B. Chandler for assistance. [EL, p. 296-7]

Births –

1715 – King and Queen County, VA. Thomas Walker born. (See 13 April 1750; 9 November 1794.) [KE, p. 925]

1875 – near London, KY. Flem D. Sampson born. He will be governor 1927-31. Amongst other “accomplishments,” he will reject the offer of the duPont family to purchase Cumberland Falls. He wants to build a hydroelectric project. The legislature will override his veto and accept the duPont offer. (See 25 May 1967.) [KE, p. 795-6]

1896 – Tompkinsville, KY. Pearl Carter Pace born. She will be the first female county sheriff in Kentucky, Cumberland County 1937-41. (See 14 January 1970.) [KE, p. 705]

26 January –

1868 – Morehead, KY. Founded at the same time as Rowan County in 1856, the town is incorporated. [KE, p. 648-9]

1937 – Louisville, KY. Martial law declared as the Great Flood rises. [KE, p. 327-8] Pontoon Bridge over Beargrass Creek, from Johnson and Jefferson Streets to Baxter Avenue, completed. [EL, p. 711-2]

Deaths –

1986 – Louisville, KY. Coach Camp dies. (See 23 December 1905 entry.) [EL, p. 157]

27 January –

1820 – Kentucky. Trigg County formed from part of Christian and a small part of Caldwell counties. It is named in honor of Stephen Trigg. Seat is Cadiz. [KE, p. 899]

1830 – Lexington, KY. Lexington & Ohio Railroad chartered. [KE, p. 551]

1838 – Clinton County, KY. Albany, the county seat, incorporated. [KE, p. 10]

1871 – Washington, DC. James Proctor Knott delivers the “Duluth speech” a masterpiece of sarcasm directed against special legislation for the railroads. The speech brought Knott national fame, and many printed copies were sold. He was also invited to visit Duluth, which he got around to in 1891. [KE, p. 273]

1897 – Erlanger, KY. Town incorporated. [KE, p. 296-7]

1937 – Louisville, KY. By today, about 230,000 of the 350,000 residents have been evacuated to higher ground and/or different towns. The Ohio River crests at 57.15 feet. [EL, p. 296-7]

Births –

1872 – Louisville, KY. Arthur Peter Sr. born. He will be Jefferson County judge. 14 November 1907 – 31 December 1910. (See 15 November 1960.) [EL, p. 697]

Deaths –

1851 – New York, NY. John James Audubon dies. He kept a store in Louisville, and extensively studied the birds of the Falls of the Ohio. [EL, p. 53]

1904 – New York, NY. Thomas Underwood Dudley, second Episcopal bishop of Kentucky, dies. (See 26 September 1837 entry.) [KE, p. 272]

28 January –

1812 – Estill County, KY. Irvine established. [KE, p. 457]

1819 – Kentucky. Hart County formed out of portions of Hardin and Barren counties. It is named in honor of Raison River hero Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart. (See 22 January 1813; 23 January 1813.) [KE, p. 415]

1819 – Kentucky. Simpson County is formed from parts of Allen, Logan and Warren counties. It is named in honor of Captain John Simpson, killed at the Battle of the river Raisin. Seat is Franklin. [KE, p. 823] 

1854 – Kentucky. McLean County formed from part of Daviess, Muhlenberg and Ohio counties. It is named in honor of Alney McLean, War of 1812 veteran. County seat is Calhoun. [KE, p. 599] 

1859 – Petersburg, KY. In heavy traffic on the Ohio River, the steamers David Gibsonand Nat Holmescollide and sink. [KE, p. 99]

1937 – Louisville, KY. The Great Flood crests at 57.1 feet, more than ten feet above the 1884 crest. [KE, p. 327-8]

1964 – Golden Pond, KY. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) opens an office to begin creating Land Between the Lakes. (See 14 June 1963.) [KE, p. 534]

Deaths –

1834 – Former chief of Kentucky court of appeals John Boyle dies. Boyle County, formed in 1842, is named in his honor. [KE, p. 110]

29 January –

1840 – Kentucky. Kenton County is established from Campbell County. It is named in honor of Simon Kenton; county seats are Covington and Independence. [KE, p. 488-9]

1929 – Booneville, KY. Owsley County 1887 courthouse burns. [KE, p. 102]

Births –

1756 – Leesylvania, Prince William County, VA. Henry (“Light-Horse Harry”) Lee born. He will be a major, although absentee, landholder in Kentucky. He will be very unpopular on the frontier, favoring closing the Mississippi River for a time in return for trade concessions with Spain. (See 25 March 1818.) [KE, p. 540]

Deaths –

1911 – Washington, DC. Mary Desha, one of the founders of the Daughters of the American Revolution, dies. She is buried in the Lexington Cemetery. (See also 9 August 1890 entry.) [KE, p. 264-5]

1946 – Louisville, KY. May Stone dies. She is buried in Lexington Cemetery. (See 1 May 1867.) [KE, p. 867]

2004 – Barren County, KY. Louie B. Nunn dies. He is buried in Horse Cave, KY. 

30 January –

1828 – Frankfort, KY. General Assembly establishes Brownsville, which will be the county seat of Edmondson County. It is probably named in honor of General Jacob Brown (1775-1828), commanding general of the United States Army 1821-1828. [KE, p. 133]

1885 – Lexington, KY. An elaborate spouting display of steam power inaugurates water service of the Kentucky-American Water Company. [KE, p. 490]

1900 – Frankfort, KY. Governor William Goebel mortally wounded by a rifle on steps of capitol. (See 3 February 1900.) [KE, p. 377] The shot is said to have been fired from office of Caleb Powers, who will be convicted three times; have the conviction reversed three times; have a fourth jury deadlock, and be pardoned by Governor Augustus Wilson. (See 1 February 1868; 4 March 1911; 25 July 1932.) [KE, p. 733]

1918 – Covington, KY. The City of Louisvilleand her sister ship City of Cincinnati destroyed by ice. (See 2 April 1984; 18 April 1894; 5 April 1896; 16 May 1912.) [Schrage and Clare, p. 58-9]

1925 – Edmondson County, KY. Floyd Collins becomes trapped in a cave, out of reach of help. [KE, p. 215-6]

1951 – Subak, Korea. Lt. Carl Henry Dodd, of Kenvir, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

Births –

1785 – Richard Henderson dies on his plantation. (See 20 April 1735; 27 August 1774; 6 January 1775; 10 February 1775; 17 March 1775; 21 March 1775; 23 March 1775; 25 September 1775; 4 November 1775; 28 December 1763.) [KE, p. 422-3]

1945 – Louisville, KY. Michael Anthony Dorris born. He will become an author, and one of the first single people to adopt a child. Discovering that his son suffered from fetal alcohol syndrome, he wrote a book about the boy’s struggle The Broken Cord(1989). The book, and his own testimony before Congress helped to require warning labels on alcoholic beverages and signs on any premises serving alcohol warning pregnant women not to drink. (See also 10-11 April 1977 entry.) [EL, p. 251]

31 January –

1809 – Frankfort, KY. Glasgow, KY, is recognized by the legislature. It has existed since Barren County was formed in 1799. It is at the center of the county, and there is a large spring nearby. Named for Glasgow, Scotland, Glasgow, KY, is the county seat. [KE, p. 376]

1814 – Frankfort, KY. Legislature authorizes capitol to be rebuilt on original site. [KE, p. 160-2]

1815 – Lebanon, KY. Town incorporated. It is named for the Biblical Lebanon because cedar trees thrive in the area. [KE, p. 539]

1827 – Frankfort, KY. Commissioners advertise for building plans and estimates for capitol building. They will choose a plan by Gideon Shryock. [KE, p. 160-2]

1832 – Louisville, KY. Louisville Journaland Focus(1826) merge. [KE, p. 582-3]

1834 – Frankfort, KY. Lexington & Ohio Railroad reaches this far. [KE, p. 551]

1859 – Pleasant Hill, KY. Mary Carmichael Settles and her children move to Shakertown. (See 31 October 1835; 18 September 1910; 29 March 1923.) [KE, p. 810]

1879 – Louisville, KY. Home for the Aged Infirm (Almshouse) burns. This begins a year of makeshift quarters until the building can be repaired. This site was first occupied in 1858, when the almshouse was separated from the workhouse located adjacent to Cave Hill Cemetery. Conditions fluctuated from filthy to tolerable and improving until the facility was closed in 1953. It is presently the site of Southland Shopping Center. [EL, p. 396]

1896 – Louisville, KY. George D. Todd becomes the first Republican mayor of Louisville, on the death of Henry Tyler. (See 19 April 1856; 23 November 1929.) [KE, p. 887]

1900 – Frankfort, KY. William Goebel sworn into office as governor. (See 10 October 1853; 12 December 1899; 30 January 1900; 2 August 1928.) [KE, p. 869-70]

1925 – Louisville, KY. Courier-Journalreceives word that Floyd Collins is trapped in a cave. At the height of Kentucky’s “cave wars” Collins had recently discovered Crystal Cave. Now his left foot is pinned under a huge boulder; he is 65 feet underground. (See 20 June 1904; 2 February 1925; 4 February 1925; 16 February 1925; 29 December 1983.) [EL, p. 622]

1968 – Louisville, KY. Extendicare goes public selling 260,000 share of stock at $8 per share. (See 21 January 1974.) [EL, p. 409-10]

1979 – Frankfort, KY. Lt. Governor Thelma Stovall calls an extraordinary session of the General Assembly, which passes House Bill 44. This bill states that Kentucky property taxes can generate only four percent more revenue than in the previous year; and one section allows school boards to seek an increase in local tax rates for education funds only if voters approve the increase. It is thought that these restrictions limit Kentucky’s ability to fund any improvements. [KE, p. 443]

Births –
1915 – Prades, France. Thomas Merton born. (See 10 December 1941; 26 May 1949; 10 December 1968.) [KE, p. 629]

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