Cameo103 masth102
July in Kentucky History

1 July –

1780 – Speaker of Virginia House of Delegates at last signs charter for Louisville, KY, which has long since been passed by the House and Senate. [EL 3] Virginia also seizes 2,000 acres previously granted to [Tory] Dr. John Connolly, for service in the French and Indian War. This land is presently downtown Louisville, KY.

1780 – Lexington, KY. An inquest of escheat declares John Connolly a British subject. His 2,000-acre land grant has already been confiscated. (See 16 December 1773 entry.) [KE, p. 224]

1850 – Frankfort, KY. The completion of the military monument for the Frankfort Cemetery brings national attention to New York sculptor Robert E. Launitz. [KE, p. 354]

1860 – Kentucky. Webster County formed from parts of Henderson, Hopkins and Union counties. It is named in honor of Daniel Webster. Seat is Dixon. [KE, p. 939-40]

1873 – Louisville, KY. First brick of original Macauley’s Theatre laid. (See 13 October 1873; 29 August 1925; 14 December 1925; 5 October 1972.) [KE, p. 589-90]

1893 – Louisville, KY. A new city charter approved. [EL, p. 186-8]

1895 – Frankfort, KY. Governor John Young Brown Jr. writes to Cassius M. Clay Jr. that because of “personal tragedies” he is withdrawing from the senatorial campaign. (See also 30 May 1895 and 9 May 1895.) [EL, p. 136]

1898 – Battle of San Juan Hill. Charles Donald Jacob Jr., part of the Louisville Legion, is killed. (See 1 June 1838; 25 December 1898.) [EL, p. 429-30]

1898 – El Caney, Cuba. Lt. Benjamin Franklin Hardaway, of Benleyville, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1898 – Santiago, Cuba. Private James J. Nash, of Louisville, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1942 – Fort Campbell, KY. First soldiers arrive. [KE, p. 343-4]

1948 – Frankfort, KY. Kentucky State Police established. [KE, p. 513-14]

1990 – Ashland, KY. The Paramount Arts Center becomes an independent nonprofit organization. It is headquartered in the old Paramount theatre. (See 5 September 1931.) [KE, p. 709]

Births –

1894 – Renfro Valley, KY. John Lee Lair born. He will be a journalist, author, and broadcaster, devoted to Kentucky folklore and culture. (See 9 October 1937; 4 November 1939; 12 November 1985.) [KE, p. 530-1]

2 July –

1809 – Lexington, KY. The congregation which will become Christ Church Cathedral is organized. [KE, p. 295-6]

3 July –

1754 – PA. George Washington attacked.

1755 – VA. General James Braddock sends Christopher Gist and two Indian scouts to Fort Duquesne. [Renau, p. 10]

1778 – Kaskaskia, IL. George Rogers Clark, with approximately 175 militiamen, captures the outpost with no loss of life. [KE, p. 195-6]

1788 – Philadelphia, PA. Congress refuses to hear Kentucky’s petition for statehood. Ten states have approved the new Constitution and they are waiting for the rest. They defer Kentucky to the new government. [KE, p. 848-9]

1830 – Louisville, KY. First Unitarian Society of Louisville established. [EL, p. 292]

1863 – Gettysburg, PA. Private Oliver P. Rood, of Frankfort, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1871 – U.S.S. Plymouth. Quarter Gunner George Holt, of Kentucky, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1878 – Louisville, KY. Local colt Ten Broeck, beats California mare Mollie McCarthy in a matched race of multiple heats. This contest attracts national attention and puts the Louisville Jockey Club race course “on the map.” This race course is known today as Churchill Downs. [EL, p. 181-2]

1917 – Washington, DC. Louisville’s petition for a branch of the St. Louis Reserve Bank is granted. [EL, p. 60]

1983 – Danville, KY. The first Governor’s Scholars Program begins at Centre College. (See 29 October 1982 entry.) [KE, p. 381]

Births –

1826 – Lawrenceville, PA. Stephen Collins Foster born. [KE, p. 349-50]

Deaths –

1841 – Frankfort, KY. Humphrey Marshall dies. Born into the Virginia aristocracy in 1760, Marshall wrote the first genuine history of Kentucky, a one-volume work. He was in fact venting his spleen against Judge Harry Innes and anyone else whom he considered to be involved in the Spanish Conspiracy. The two men agreed to a cessation of hostilities, but Marshall produced a two-volume follow-up history in 1824. Nonetheless, the works are cogent and invaluable resources. His adroit pillorying of those with differing views, and his reasoned, eloquent defense of his own opinions, made him a formidable presence in both the commonwealth, and the early republic. His death marks the end of an era in both Kentucky history and politics. He is buried on his farm, Glen Willis.

1867 – Henderson, KY. Lazarus Whitehead Powell dies. He is buried in Henderson. (See 6 October 1812.) [KE, p. 731-2]

4 July –

1798 – Kentucky. Richmond created by legislative act. It will become seat of Madison County later in the year. [KE, p. 771-2]

1834 – Frankfort, KY. The great convention when the National Republican party becomes the Whig party. [KE, p. 648]

1863 – Adair County, KY. John Hunt Morgan engages Union soldiers at Tebb’s Bend. He is beginning his raid into Indiana and Ohio. [KE, p. 2]

1924 – Princeton, KY. The Ku Klux Klan stages a large parade in the city. [KE, p. 741-2]

1938 – Louisville, KY. Iroquois Amphitheatre opens with a production of Naughty Marietta. Built by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) the theatre features a water curtain to screen scene changes. [EL, p. 425-6]

1959 – Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. Ribbon-cutting ceremony at visitors’ center. [KE, p. 247]

Births –

1802 – near Elizabethtown, KY. John Larue Helm born. He will be governor 1850-51, and 1867. (See 31 July 1850; 2 September 1851; 8 September 1867.) [KE, p. 421-2]

1805 – Tennessee. Lunsford Pitts Yandell born. He will join the faculty of Transylvania University’s medical department in 1831; six years later he will help to found the Louisville Medical Institute (now University of Louisville Medical School). (See 4 February 1878.) [KE, 971]

5 July –

1803 – Washington City. Captain Meriwether Lewis departs for Pittsburgh, via Harpers Ferry (now WV). [EL, p. 509-10]

1826 – Frankfort, KY. Jereboam O. and Ann (Sharp) Beauchamp attempt suicide with an overdose of laudanum. They both survive. (See also 5 November 1825; 7 November 1825; 8 May 1826; and 7 July 1826 entries.) [KE, p. 63-4]

1863 – Lebanon, KY. John Hunt Morgan’s men meet 300 Federal troops under Colonel Charles S. Hanson. Much of the town, including records in county clerk’s office, burned. [KE, p. 539]

1916 – Louisville, KY. The banks petition the St. Louis (Federal) Reserve Bank to establish a branch in Louisville. This petition is the first such received by the Board of Governors in Washington, DC. There is no mechanism for dealing with such a request. [EL, p. 60]

1950 – Covington, KY. Behringer-Crawford Museum opens. [KE, p. 66]

Births –

1928 – Depoy, KY. Warren Oates born. (See 3 April 1982.) [EL, p. 664]

Deaths –

1922 – Greasy Creek, KY. John Shell dies. He is apparently approximately 100 years old. However, in 1919 he created something of a media sensation when the press proclaimed him “The Oldest Man in the World,” 131 years old having been born in 1788. His life did in fact span a time of tremendous change, from horse to electric power, isolation to world community. People found a reassuring continuity in this self-sufficient famer, storekeeper and blacksmith. He had 11 children with his first wife, and left a son born in 1915 by his second wife. [KE, p. 817]

1956 – Pewee Valley, KY. Kate Seston Matthews dies. She is buried in the Pewee Valley Cemetery. (See 13 August 1970.) [KE, p. 616]

2002 – Lexington, KY. Wallace Wilkinson dies. (See 12 December 1941.) 

6 July –

1755 – VA. General Braddock’s scouts report all clear. [Lynn p. 10]

1778 – Cahokia, Illinois Country. Captain Joseph Bowman captures Cahokia.

1859 – Black Jack Corner, Simpson County, KY. Surveyors Austin P. Cox (Kentucky) and Benjamin Peebles (Tennessee) create a 100 acre indentation called the Middleton Offset in the Kentucky-Tennessee border. [KE, p. 635]

1863 – Bardstown, KY. John Hunt Morgan and his men engage in a night-long skirmish with twenty-five Union cavalrymen. [KE, p. 51]

Births –

1937 – St. Matthew’s, KY. Ned Beatty born. [KE, p. 62]

Deaths –

1893 – Louisville, KY. Prominent architect Henry Whitestone dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [KE, p. 948-9]

7 July –

1826 – Frankfort, KY. On the appointed execution date, Jereboam O. and Ann (Sharp) Beauchamp, both still recovering from a failed suicide attempt two days before, request privacy to dress for Jereboam’s hanging. They again try to kill themselves, this time with a knife, which Ann has smuggled in. Discovered still alive, Ann is taken to the jailer’s home, while Jereboam is taken to the gallows. Authorities attempt to hang him before he bleeds to death. The noose is positioned and the trap door sprung, while Ann bleeds to death at approximately the same time. The Beauchamp-Sharp Tragedy has, at last, played out. (See also 5 November 1825; 7 November 1825; 8 May 1826; and 5 July 1826 entries.) [KE, p. 63-4]

1863 – Brandenburg, KY. John Hunt Morgan seizes steamboats John T. Combsand Alice Deanand crosses his troops to Harrison County, IN. [KE, p. 622-3]

1863 – Brandenburg, KY. Hunt Morgan seizes two boats and crosses the Ohio River, into Harrison County, IN. [KE, p. 171] Morgan’s Raid continues through Corydon, Palmyra, Salem, Seymour, Vernon, Versailles, and Ohio. [KE, p. 121]

Births –

1748 – Shippensburg, PA. John Finley born. In July 1773, he will be part of the party exploring the Licking River, Blue Lick Springs and Lower Blue Licks. By the turn of the century, he will be Fleming County’s leading citizen. (See 10 April 1837 entry.) [KE, p. 319-20]

1802 – Nelson County, KY. Charles Slaughter Morehead born. He will be governor 1855-59. (See 21 December 1868.) [KE, p. 648]

Deaths –

1912 – Rockland, ME. James Breckinridge Speed dies. He is buried in Louisville’s Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 4 January 1844.) [EL, p. 842-3]

8 July –

1774 – Fontainbleau Spring, KY. Shawnees attack a surveying party. Two of the whites are killed. [KE, p. 344]

1863 – Louisville, KY. Captain William Davis, under Hunt Morgan’s command, launches a diversionary raid northeast of Louisville. He seizes boats, crossing the Ohio River at Twelve Mile Island. Two gunboats and 46 of his men are captured; 42 men are left to march through Clark County, IN. 

Births –

1838 – Madison County, KY. James Bennett McCreary born. He will be governor 1875-79. (See 8 October 1918.) [KE, p. 594]

1927 – Shelbyville, KY. Jeptha Barnard “Barney” Bright born. He will become a well-known sculptor, creating the Louisville Clock, many monuments in Cave Hill Cemetery, and numerous other works. [EL, p. 124]

Deaths –

1919 – Big Stone Gap, KY. John Fox Jr. dies. He is buried in Paris, KY. (See 16 December 1862 entry.) [KE, p. 351-2]

9 July –

1774 – present Georgetown, KY. John Floyd and his party, surveying land for soldiers who fought during the French and Indian War, discover a spring near the Elkhorn Creek. Floyd names it Royal Spring and lays claim to 1,000 acres, but he does not settle on his claim. [KE, p. 371] 

1862 – Monroe County, KY. Confederates commanded by Major R.M. Gano attack the 9thPennsylvania Cavalry, commanded by Major Thomas J. Jordan. At first driven back, the Pennsylvanians prevailed. [KE, p. 643-4]

1894 – Lexington, KY. Beginning of a two-day meeting at Ashland to organize the Kentucky Federation of Women’s Clubs (KFWC). It will move headquarters to Louisville in 1954. [EL, p. 473]

1919 – Willie Sandlin awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. (See 26 September 1918.) [KE, p. 797]

Births –

1904 – Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England. Robert Sutton Whitney born. He will be conductor of the Louisville Orchestra. (See 22 November 1986.) [KE, p. 950]

Deaths –

1850 – Washington City. President Zachary Taylor dies. He is buried at his Jefferson County home Springfield. The family burial ground is now part of Zachary Taylor National Cemetery. (See 24 November 1784.) [KE, p. 870]

1853 – Louisville, KY. Charles Caldwell, influential professor at both Transylvania College and Louisville Medical Institute (now UL Medical School) dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 14 May 1772 entry.) [EL, p. 154-5]

10 July –

1864 – Georgetown, KY. General John Hunt Morgan and his Raiders return, after raiding Lexington. They proceed to loot the town. (See 15 July 1862.) [KE, p. 371]

1925 – Dayton, TN. Trial begins for John Thomas Scopes. Charged with teaching Darwinism, he is defended by Clarence Darrow in the so-called Monkey Trial. Found guilty, he is fined $100. (See 3 August 1900; 21 October 1970.) [KE, p. 803]

1940 – Fort Knox, KY. United States Armored Force created, Major General Adna R. Chaffee, commander. The 7thCavalry Brigade (Mechanized) will become the 1stArmored Division. By 1945, the Armored Force will grow to sixteen armored division and more than one hundred tank battalions and mechanized cavalry squadrons. This allows the Allies to effectively counter blitzkrieg of the German panzer divisions. Fort Knox remains “the home of armor.” [KE, p. 345-6]

Births –

1910 – Springfield, KY. John Simms “Shipwreck” Kelly born. In 1928 he will arrive at the University of Kentucky driven by a chauffeur. He will go on to hold the UK record for most yards gained by a player in a single game (280 in the Maryville game, 1930); become a charter member of the Kentucky Athletic Hall of Fame; play professional football. He will become a multimillionaire in his own right, and work undercover for the Federal Bureau of Investigation during World War II. Yet most people will remember him because of his first marriage. (See 30 June 1941; 17 August 1986.) [KE, p. 485]

1914 – Louisville, KY. Bremer Ehrler born. He will be Jefferson County judge/executive, 1984-6. As chairman of the Jefferson County Board of Elections in 1984, he will also establish the first electronic voting system in Kentucky. [EL, p. 268]

11 July –

1862 – Louisville, KY. About 100 of John Hunt Morgan’s Raiders attempt to cross the Ohio River at Twelve Mile Island. They are repelled by gunboat Moose. [EL, p. 193-5]

Births –

1911 – Louisville, KY. Kenneth Allen Schmied born. He will be mayor of Louisville 1965-69. [EL, p. 789-90]

12 July –

1830 – Lawrenceburg, KY. Anderson County’s first courthouse, two-story brick, completed. [KE, p. 537]

1866 – Louisville, KY. Courier: “The merchants and business men of Louisville are now reaching out for the Southern trade.”

1870 – Wichita River, TX. Corporal John J. Given, of Daviess County, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

Births –

1773 – York, PA. John Rowan born. The family will move to Louisville 1783; Rowan will go to Bardstown 1790. (See 20 October 1794; 31 July 1843.) [KE, p. 783]

13 July –

Births –

1895 – Garrard County, KY. Bradley Kincaid born. He will become one of the first radio singers in the country, and one of the most popular. (See 23 September 1989.) [KE, p. 517-18]

Deaths –

1843 – Bardstown, KY. John Rowan dies. He is buried in the graveyard at Federal Hill. (See 12 July 1773; 20 October 1794.) [KE, p. 783] Family tradition holds that he requests that no marker be placed on his grave. To date, three monuments placed there have been destroyed by natural forces.

1948 – Wequetonsing, Michigan. William Benjamin Harrison dies. (See 28 July 1889.) [EL, p. 370]

14 July –

1789 – Paris, France. A mob of citizens storms the Bastille. The French Revolution has begun.

1926 – West Irvine, KY. Harry Dean Stanton born. 

1966 – Louisville, KY. Louisville Downs opens. It features a crushed limestone track, and the Kentucky Pacing Derby, a major event in harness racing. (See 2 September 1991.) [EL, p. 544]

Births –

1898 – near Corydon, KY. Albert Benjamin “Happy” Chandler born. He will be governor of Kentucky 1935-39; 1955-59. [KE, p. 179]

1903 – Louisville, MS. Thomas Dionysius Clark born. He will be Kentucky’s greatest historian. [KE, p. 196-7]

Deaths –

1985 – Lexington, KY. Lily May Ledford dies. She is buried in Berea Cemetery, Berea, KY. (See 17 March 1917.) [KE, p. 540]

15 July –

1858 – Louisville, KY. Louisville Democratreports that the Louisville Base Ball Club plays every Tuesday and Thursday afternoons. [EL, p. 70]

1862 – Georgetown, KY. John Hunt Morgan and his Raiders enter the city and disperse the Home Guards. They destroy Union supplies; then camp on the courthouse lawn for two days. (See 10 July 1864.) [KE, p. 371]

Births –

1898 – Hillsboro, NC. William Strudwick Arrasmith born. His Louisville architectural firm will become famous, especially for the design of Greyhound Bus terminals. Arrasmith developed a process for coloring the enamel which covered the building. He designed more than sixty-five Arte Deco Greyhound terminals, as well as the University of Louisville Science Building, the Bowman Field Administration building, and numerous other structures. During the 1937 flood, Arrasmith designed the famous pontoon bridge, which connected the flooded downtown to the dry Highlands. [EL, p. 49]

Deaths –

1991 – Louisville, KY. Humana co-founder Wendell Cherry dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [KE, p. 182]

16 July –

Deaths –

1882 – Springfield, IL. Mary Todd Lincoln dies. She is buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield. [KE, p. 556-7]

1964 – Louisville, KY. Cordia Greer-Petrie dies. She is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See also 12 February 1872.) [KE, p. 391-2]

1991 – Louisville, KY. Humana health care co-founder Wendell Cherry dies. [EL, p. 177]

17 July –

1789 – near Middletown, KY. Chenoweth Massacre. Family of Richard Chenoweth attacked by Shawnee Indians. Peggy Chenoweth shot between the shoulder blades. An Indian pulls out the arrow, scalps her and leaves her for dead. She will live another 40 years and have two more children. This is Kentucky’s last major attack by Indians against settlers. [KE, p. 181-2]

1864 – Richmond, VA. Jefferson Davis, President CSA, makes John Bell Hood commander of the Army of Tennessee; at 35, Hood is the youngest full general in the confederacy. (See 1 June 1831; 31 August 1879.) [KE, p. 438-9]

1882 – Big Dry Fork, AR. Lt. Thomas Cruse, of Owensboro, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1975 – Washington, DC. In Newburg Area Council Inc. et al. v. Board of Education of Jefferson County, Kentucky Supreme Court orders that a writ of mandamus issue directing a plan for the desegregation of the newly created Jefferson County school district. [EL, p. 148-9]

Births –

1768 – Orleans, France. Stephen Theodore Badin born. He will emigrate to Baltimore, MD, during the French Revolution. (See also 25 May 1793 and 19 April 1853 entries.) [KE, p. 43]

Deaths –

1902 – Louisville, KY. John Thompson Gray dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 9 September 1815; Indiana 14 June 1849.) [EL, p. 353]

18 July –

1862 – Cynthiana, KY. Battle of Cynthiana Bridge. John Hunt Morgan’s Raiders meet the strongest resistance of their campaign. The Home Guard holds the town from the houses. [KE, p. 250]

1862 – near Newburgh, IN. Adam Rankin Johnson and twelve other men mount several pieces of stovepipe on a wagon so as to resemble a cannon. Entering the town, they capture two hundred Union guns without a fight. Johnson is promptly nicknamed “Stovepipe.” (See 8 February 1834; 20 October 1922.) [KE, p. 472]

1922 – Louisville, KY. WHAS, Kentucky’s first licensed commercial radio station, begins broadcasting. [KE, p. 946-7] 

1926 – Bell County, KY. L.C. Kelly, pastor of the First Baptist Church, in Pineville, KY, opens the first class of his Bible school for mountain preachers. [KE, p. 206]

1966 – Republic of Vietnam. Sergeant John James McGinty III, of Louisville, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

Births –

1939 – Louisville, KY. Hunter Stockton Thompson born. (See 20 February 2005.) [KE, p. 880-1]

1954 – Cordell, KY. Ricky Skaggs born. [KE, p. 825]

Deaths –

1826 – near Danville, KY. Isaac Shelby dies. He is buried at his home Travelers Rest. (See 11 December 1750.) [KE, p. 815-6]

19 July –

1865 – Louisville, KY. The city hosts the first baseball game west of the Alleghenies, standard rules. The Nashville Cumberlands did not win. [KE, p. 581-2]

Births –

1829 – Spencer County, KY. James Morrison Heady born. Losing the sight of one eye at age six, totally blind by age 16, he will be the “Blind Bard of Kentucky.” The poet and novelist also lost his hearing at age 40. (See 20 December 1915.) [EL, p. 379]

1837 – Louisville, KY. William Shakespeare Hays born. He will be Kentucky’s most successful songwriter of the 19thcentury, publishing some 350 songs which will see over 6 million copies in sheet music form. His most famous song is “Mollie Darling.” (See 23 July 1907.) [EL, p. 378-9]

Deaths –

1933 – Catlettsburg, KY. Mary Elliott Flanery dies. A bronze tablet is placed on her desk in the General Assembly. It reads: Mary Elliott Flanery, first woman legislator of Kentucky and the South, Boyd County 1922-1923, at this desk served her state with honor and distinction. (See 27 April 1867 entry.) [KE, p. 323-4]

1952 – Frankfort, KY. Emma (Guy) Cromwell dies. In 1896, she had become the first women in the commonwealth to hold statewide office, when the Kentucky Senate elected her state librarian. Selected as secretary of state in 1924, she also became the first woman to act as governor, during the governor’s absence from the state. [KE, p. 243]

20 July –

1789 – Danville, KY. The eighth statehood convention objects to two new conditions that Kentucky pay a portion of Virginia’s domestic debt and that it secure bounty lands set aside for its soldiers. [KE, p. 848-9]

21 July –

1800 – Louisville, KY. Jefferson County is divided into three districts for patrollers to control enslaved people. [Renau, p. 36]

1864 – Ohio County, KY. A band of guerrillas commanded by Captain Dick Yates ambushes some of the Daviess County Home Guards at Rough River Creek. Four of the Guards are killed. [KE, p. 689-90]

1894 – Brent Woods, a mulatto born into slavery in Pulaski County, KY, in 1855, at last receives the Congressional Medal of Honor. (See 19 August 1881; 31 March 1906; 20 June 1984; 28 October 1984.) [KE, p. 222-224] [KE, p. 967]

1915 – Louisville, KY. Mammoth Life and Accident Insurance Company opens. It is for African Americans, who often pay greatly inflated premiums at white-dominated companies. [EL, p. 585-6]

1963 – Shepherdsville, KY. Dr. Ridgway’s home is offered to the library, which has been a “movable feast” since its re-founding in 1954. The Ridgway Memorial Library opens. [EL, p. 510-3]

21-22 July –

1905 – U.S.S. Bennington. Seaman Edward William Boers, of Bellevue, KY. earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1944 – Marianas Islands, Guam. Pfc. Luther Skaggs Jr., USMC, of Henderson, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

22 July –

1793 – (present) Elizabethtown, KY. First Hardin County Court held at home of Isaac Hyne. Town established 1797, and named in honor of Colonel Andrew Hyne’s wife. [KE, p. 290]

1806 – near (present) Dixon, KY. Micajah (“Big Harpe”) killed. His severed head is impaled on a tree branch as a warning to other killers. [KE, p. 268]

1878 – Catlettsburg, KY. Fire destroys much of downtown. [KE, p. 170]

1944 – Marianas Islands, Guam. Pfc. Leonard Foster Mason, USMC, of Middlesborough, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224] 

Births –

1900 – Louisville, KY. John Mason Brown born. Descendent of Senator John Brown, builder of Liberty Hall, Frankfort, KY, John Mason Brown will enjoy a distinguished career in journalism. [EL, p. 132-3]

Deaths –

1888 – Louisville, KY. Landscape painter Carl Christian Brenner dies. (See 1 August 1838 and 17 December 1878 entries.) [EL, p. 116]

1903 – Richmond, KY. Cassius Marcellus Clay dies. [KE, p. 199-200]

23 July –

1807 – Louisville, KY. Last known issue of Farmer’s Library. (See 19 January 1801.) [EL, p. 280-1]

Births –

1918 – Meade County, KY. Harold Henry Reese born. The family will soon move to Louisville, where he will acquire the nickname Pee Wee, not because of size but because of his championship skill at marbles. He will go on to championships as major league baseball player Pee Wee Reese. He will also lead the major league ball clubs through integration in 1940, with his friendship with Jackie Robinson. [KE, p. 761-2] (See 14 August 1999.)

Deaths –

1907 – Louisville, KY. William Shakespeare Hay dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 19 July 1837.) [EL, p. 378-9]

1948 – David Wark Griffith dies. He is buried at Mt. Tabor Christian Church, Oldham County, KY. (See also 22 January 1875.) [KE, p. 392-3]

1997 – Louisville, KY. Barney Bright dies. (See 8 July 1927 entry.) [EL, p. 124]

24 July –

1864 – Hawesville, KY. U.S. gunboat Springfieldbombards town, forcing residents into caves and churches. [KE, p. 419]

1908 – Louisville, KY. Louisville Free Public Library at Fourth & York Streets opens. In 1902, the city had accepted Andrew Carnegie’s offer to build a library for any city willing to assume the operating costs of the facility. This partnership will go on to build eight branches in the city. [EL, p. 511-3]

Deaths –

1928 – Louisville, KY. Well-known and well-loved caterer Jennie Benedict dies. She is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See also 25 March 1860 entry.) [EL, p. 85]

1999 – Louisville, KY. African American artist Gloucester Caliman Coxe dies. He is buried in Highland Memory Gardens, Mount Washington, KY. He is famous for his lively works, use of unconventional materials and generous mentoring of young artists. (See 7 May 1907 entry.) [EL, p. 228-9]

25 July –

1848 – Louisville, KY. Cave Hill Cemetery dedication. [EL, p. 166-7]

1861 – New Mexico. Kit Carson appointed lieutenant colonel of the New Mexican Volunteer Infantry, U.S. Army, directing actions against the Indians of the Southwest. [KE, p. 166]

1954 – Bullitt County, KY. Ground broken for Kentucky Turnpike. This road, between Louisville and Elizabethtown, is the first section of a road between the Great Lakes and the Gulf of Mexico. (See 1 August 1956.) [KE, p. 515]

Deaths –

1932 – Kentucky. Caleb Powers dies. He is buried in Barbourville, KY. (See 1 February 1868; 30 January 1900; 4 March 1911.) [KE, p. 733]

Deaths –

1932 – Kentucky. Caleb Powers dies. He is buried in Barbourville, KY. (See 1 February 1868; 30 January 1900; 4 March 1911.) [KE, p. 733]

26 July –

1790 – Danville, KY. The ninth statehood convention accepts the fourth act of separation (from Virginia), petitions Congress for admission to the United States, and issues a call for a constitutional convention. [KE, p. 848-9]

1892 – Ludlow, KY. The resin refinery begins to burn. It will continue until the plant is destroyed – 13 August 1892. [KE, p. 586]

1910 – Louisville, KY. Waverly Hills Sanatorium opens. It is a state-of-the-art hospital for persons with tuberculosis of the lung. It will continue in use until 1961, after the drug streptomycin becomes widely available. [EL, p. 401-4]

Births –

1906 – Louisville, KY. William Lee Lyons Brown born. He will become an entrepreneur and philanthropist, known as a big man with a big heart. (See also 9 April 1997 and 5 January 1973 entries.) [EL, p. 133]

1926 – Powderly, KY. Jules Guy born. He will be adopted by Armen and Essa Best of Corydon, IN, and named James. Amassing an impressive body of work as a character actor in motion pictures and television, he will be best known as Sheriff Roscoe P. Coltrane, on “The Dukes of Hazard.” 

Deaths –

1863 – Former Kentucky governor John Jordan Crittenden dies. [KE, p. 240]

27 July –

1773 – Louisville, KY. Isaac Hite begins marking out lots for sale. [Renau, p. 26]

1807 – Louisville, KY. Last known copy of the Farmer’s Library, formerly the Farmer’s Library, or Ohio Intelligencer, published. (See 19 January 1801 entry.) [KE, p. 309-9]

1920 – Jefferson County, KY. The order is given to begin closing Camp Zachary Taylor. [KE, p. 159]

1953 – Korean War ends: 858 men from Kentucky lost. [KE, p. 525-6]

Births –

1926 – Akron, NY. Marlow Webster Cook born. He will be Jefferson County judge in the 1960s. [KE, p. 227]

Deaths –

1917 – Louisville, KY. Mary Lily Bingham dies. [EL, p. 91]

1963 – Cleveland, OH. Garrett Augustus Morgan dies. He is buried in Cleveland’s Lake View Cemetery. (See 4 March 1877; 20 November 1923.) [KE, p. 650]

28 July –

1788 – Danville, KY. Sixth statehood convention convenes. Growing Mississippi River trade and Spain’s control over New Orleans loom large. The Spanish Conspiracy must play out. Some advocate separation from Virginia, but no alliance with the Federal government. [KE, p. 848-9]

Births –

1859 – Sacramento, CA. Mary Anderson born. The following year, the family moves to Louisville, where Mary Anderson’s acting career will begin (see 27 November 1875). [EL, p. 35]

1889 – Louisville, KY. William Benjamin Harrison born. He will be mayor 1927-1933. (See 13 July 1948.) [EL, p. 370]

28 July-11 August –

1864 – Kenton County, KY. Stephen Burbridge orders arrest of several people on suspicion of disloyalty to the Union. [KE, p. 488-9]

29 July –

1939 - Covington, KY. Eight horses compete in the eighth and final race at Latonia Race Course. [Schrage and Clare, p.92]

Births –

1859 – Providence, KY. William O. Head born. He will be mayor of Louisville, 16 November 1909 – 18 November 1913, campaigning largely on white fear of African American influence. During his administration, in 1910 the Kentucky General Assembly passed the model housing law, which impacted Louisville, as approximately one-third of the inner-city residents lived in tenements. Also on his watch, the city began appropriating money for the University of Louisville, thanks largely to Abraham Flexner’s report of the deplorable standards of medical school education. (See 19 April 1931.) [EL, p. 379]

Deaths –

1862 – Frankfort, KY. James Francis Leonard dies of typhoid fever. He is buried in the Frankfort Cemetery. (See 8 September 1834.) [KE, p. 544]

30 July –

1863 – Irvine, KY. A Union Cavalry regiment engages Confederates under Colonel John Scott. Confederates retreat. [KE, p. 457]

31 July –

1837 – Louisville, KY. First flight in Louisville. A gas balloon named Star of the Westlifted off from center of city, landed at what is now Churchill Downs. [EL, p. 8]

1850 – Frankfort, KY. John Larue Helm becomes governor when Governor John J. Crittenden resigns to become attorney general in President Millard Fillmore’s cabinet. [KE, p. 240] (See 4 July 1802; 2 September 1851; 8 September 1867.) [KE, p. 421-2]

1954 – Louisville, KY. Last of the prisoners transferred to county jail; workhouse closed. (See 15 April 1830.) [EL, p. 951-2]

1997 – Louisville, KY. Tricon Global Restaurants Inc., new parent conglomerate of KFC, announces they will locate in the city. [EL, p. 482]


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