Cameo103 masth102
October in Kentucky History

October 1 –

1779 – Louisville, KY. Evan Shelby is granted 500 acres on the Muddy Fork of Beargrass Creek. He signs this property over to his son, Isaac. [Renau, p. 43-4]

1788 – Ohio land opposite the mouth of the Licking River. John Filson is believed to be killed by Indians on or around this date. [KE, p. 317]

1789 – Walker’s Creek, now Bland Count VA. Indians attack Virginia Sellards Wiley while her husband is away. They kill her brother and three of her children. They take captive Jenny and her baby son. Subsequently, they will kill the baby, and the baby she delivers while captive. After nine months, she manages to escape and makes her way back to her husband. They will move into what is now Kentucky. Jenny will have five more children. [KE, p. 954-5] 

1862 – Grayson, KY. General George Morgan’s Union army passes through town while retreating from Cumberland Gap to the Ohio River. [KE, p. 385]

1862 – Mt. Washington, KY. Union infantry commanded by Major General Thomas L. Crittenden move out of Louisville only to skirmish with Confederates commanded by John Wharton. [KE, p. 659]

1866 – Lexington, KY. Having purchased Henry Clay’s Ashland, plus adjacent Woodlands farm, John B. Bowman opens the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Kentucky University. Students must not only take courses, but must also work on the college’s experimental farm, or at the carpentry and blacksmithing works (built in 1868). (See also 22 February 1865, and 13 March 1878 entries.) [KE, p. 6]

1912 – Shelby County, KY. The Lincoln Institute opens. The Day Law, passed by the Kentucky legislature in 1904, prohibited educating black and white students together. Designed specifically against Berea College, integrated since 1866, the Day Law prompted the Berea board of trustees to begin a fund drive to establish a school for African Americans. They raised $400,000, including a donation from Andrew Carnegie. Lincoln Institute offers a normal school, as well as vocational education. It will operate until 1966. [KE, p. 558]

2 October –

1862 – Mt Washington, KY. Twenty-five Union soldiers killed along the Bardstown Pike. [KE, p. 659]

1862 – Shepherdsville, KY. Federal forces retake the town. (See 28 September 1862.) [KE, p. 817-8]

1905 – Louisville, KY. Jefferson School of Law, a night and Saturday school for working people, established. It will merge with University of Louisville Law School in 1950. [EL, p. 441]

1923 – Louisville, KY. Fire destroys the Ha-Wi-An Gardens and damages businesses on the first floor. The building is subsequently demolished. (See 17 October 1917.) [EL, p. 375]

1980 – Las Vegas, NV. Muhammad Ali loses his world heavyweight boxing champion title to Larry Holmes. [EL, p. 24]

Births –

1761 – Belgium. Charles Nerinckx born. He will be instrumental in founding the Sisters of Loretto, in 1812. An attempt to found an order for African American women will be unsuccessful. (See 12 August 1824.) [KE, p. 677]

Deaths –

1780 – [New York] Major John Andre hanged as a British spy.

1971 – Louisville, KY. Former mayor William O. Cowger dies suddenly of a heart attack. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [KE, p. 237]

1985 – Illinois. Author Rebecca Caudill dies. [KE, p. 173]

3 October –

1786 – near present-day Fariston, KY. McNitt’s Defeat. Cherokee massacre 20 members of 14 families at the settler camp along the Little Laurel. [KE, p. 600]

1862 – Bardstown, KY. General Braxton Bragg, and his 28,000 soldiers, leave town. [KE, p. 51]

1862 – Mt. Washington, KY. Fighting moves south to Salt River. Confederates move on to Bardstown. [KE, p. 659]

1887 – Morehead, KY. Morehead State University, operated by the Kentucky Christian Missionary Society, opens. [KE, p. 649-50]

1950 – Louisville, KY. Bellarmine College, now university, opens as a Roman Catholic archdiocesan liberal arts college for men. [KE, p. 68]

1977 – Louisville, KY. Thirty residents moved from the Morton Home (see 2 November 1884 entry) to the new facility on Lyndon Lane. [EL, p. 274]

Births –

1890 – Louisville, KY. Henry Watterson Hull born. He will become a well-known stage actor and a cinema character actor. (See 8 March 1977.) [EL, p. 408-9]

Deaths –

1997 – Louisville, KY. Venerable civil rights leader Lyman Tefft Johnson dies. (See 12 June 1906.) [KE, p. 474-5]

4 October –

1862 – Frankfort, KY. General Braxton Bragg escorts Richard Hawes into city for what was planned as a triumphal establishment of Confederate government of Kentucky. However, Union troops arrive late in the afternoon and route Confederate soldiers and politicians. (See 6 February 1797; 7 April 1862; 8 April 1862; 4 October 1862; 25 May 1877.) [418-9]

1862 – Bardstown, KY. Confederates from General Braxton Bragg’s army defeat detachments of General Don Carlos Buell’s troops. [KE, p. 676-7]

1898 – Louisville, KY. First self-propelled vehicle in Louisville. John E. Roche, president of the Louisville Carriage Company (predecessor of Yellow Cab Company) picks up an Indianapolis-made Waverly, electric motorcar, at the rail freight depot. He drives the contraption around town, to the delight and consternation of residents. The automobile age has come to Louisville! [EL, p. 54-5]

1923 – Louisville, KY. Ground is broken at 5thand Walnut Streets for the Kentucky Hotel. (See 15 August 1925.) [Potter]

1944 – Peleiu Islands. Private Wesley Phelps, USMC, of Neafus, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

Births –

1800 – Scott County, KY. James Fisher Robinson born. He will be governor 1862-3 because of a political deal. He was elected Speaker of the Senate 16 August 1862, was sworn in governor 18 August after resignation of Beriah Magoffin. (See 31 October 1882.) [KE, p. 777]

1908 – East Point, KY. Charles Douglas Ramey born. He will found the Carriage House Players, which will become Shakespeare in Central Park, which in turn becomes the Kentucky Shakespeare Festival, Louisville’s oldest continuously operating professional theatre company and the longest-running free professional Shakespeare festival in North America (1962). (See 24 October 1979.) [EL, p. 748]

Deaths –

1989 – Paris, KY. Secretariat is euthanized at Claiborne Farm. He had developed laminitis a painful inflammation of the inner tissue of the hoof. He is buried on the farm near his sire and his grandsire. (See 29 March 1970.) [ke, p. 807]

5 October –

1813 – Canada. Battle of the Thames. Governor Isaac Shelby leads troops into war for a third time. The battle cry “Remember the Raisin” carries victory for the whites. Richard Mentor Johnson, born at Beargrass Station, KY, is thought to have killed the great Tecumseh. [Renau, p. 47] William Whitley leads the charge against Tecumseh. They both die in the battle. Whitley is buried near Chatham, Ontario, Canada. (See 14 August 1749.) [KE, p. 949]

1890 – Cane Springs, Bullitt County, KY. Eckstein Norton University opens. [KE, p. 280]

1972 – Louisville, KY. The new Macauley’s Theatre, in the remodeled Brown Theatre, opens. (See 1 July 1873; 13 October 1873; 29 August 1925; 14 December 1925.) [KE, p. 589-90]

Deaths –

1909 – on the North Atlantic. Mary Guendaline Byrd Caldwell dies. She and her sister, Mary Guendaline Byrd Caldwell, were philanthropists and property owners in Louisville, and elsewhere. Both married European nobles. They will be buried together in Cave Hill Cemetery; their monument being one of the most notable in a cemetery filled with notable monuments. (See also 26 December 1865; 16 December 1910; and 21 October 1863 entries.) [EL, p. 155-6]

1931 – Pewee Valley, KY. Annie Fellows Johnston dies. She is buried in Evansville, IN. (See 15 May 1863.) [EL, p. 477-8]

6 October –

1785 – Louisville, KY. A town crier hired. Along with crying the time and the weather, he reports any unusual activity. He is arguably the city’s first police officer. [EL, p. 565-7]

1862 – Lawrenceburg, KY. Colonel Scott’s Confederate cavalry engages Colonel R.T. Jacob’s 9thKentucky Cavalry (USA) in and around town. [KE, p. 537]

1942 – Louisville, KY. The 349thAir Evacuation Group opens at Standiford Field. It trains surgeions, flight nurses, and medical technicians to airlift patients from combat zones. (See 15 October 1944.) [EL, p. 790]

Births –

1793 – Woodford County, KY. Charles Wilkins Short born. He will become a botanist and president of Transylvania University, and dean of the Medical School of the University of Louisville. (See 9 March 1863.) [KE, p. 819-20] 

1812 – Henderson County, KY. Lazarus Whitehead Powell born. He will be governor 2 September 1851 – 4 September 1855. He will support education, encourage private investments for internal improvements, and commission a state geological survey seeing it as a stimulus to investment and business. (See 3 July 1867.) [KE, p. 731-2]

1869 – Louisville, KY. Enid Yandell born. She will become an international sculptor at a time when well-to-do women were not to venture out of their own parlors. (See 13 June 1934.) [KE, p. 971]

1886 – Nashville, TN. John Alexander Floersh born. He will become bishop of Louisville in 1924, and when the diocese is elevated, he will be the first prelate to hold the rank of archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Louisville (1937). (See 11 June 1968.) [EL, p. 296]

Deaths –

1949 – Louisville, KY. Matt Winn dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 30 June 1861.) [KE, p. 961]

7 October –

1763 – Proclamation of 1763. King George III prohibits land grants in land south of the Hudson’s Bay Company, west of the Appalachian Mountains and north of the 31stparallel. Private purchases from the North American Indians were also made illegal and settlers already living in the area were required to leave. [KE, p. 743-4]

1780 – South Carolina. Battle of King’s Mountain. [Renau, p. 40]

1862 – Bardstown, KY. General Don Carlos Buell and much of his army pass through town on their way to Perryville. [KE, p. 51]

1862 – Frankfort, KY. City is reclaimed from Confederate forces. [KE, p. 354-6]

1873 – Louisville, KY. The first public school building for the education of African-Americans is dedicated. Located on the southeast corner of Sixth and Kentucky Streets, the structure will later include Central Colored High School; then became the Mary D. Hill School. [EL, p. 171]

Births –

1842 – Frankfort, KY. Paul Booker Reed born. He will be mayor of Louisville 2 December 1884 – 1887. He tried to trim city costs by reducing salaries, including his own, and steer away from awarding lucrative city contracts to a favored few. (See 9 November 1913.) [EL, p. 751-2]

1862 – Athertonville, KY. Peter Lee Atherton born. Son of John McDougal and Maria Butler Farnum Atherton (see 1 April 1841 entry), P.L. Atherton will also be a business and civic leader. He will be instrumental in relocating the Kentucky State Fair to Louisville. [EL, p. 52]

Deaths –

1777 – VA. Letitia Shelby dies. [Renau, p. 42]

8 October –

1776 – Virginia. The Assembly abolished Fincastle County and creates three new counties: Montgomery, Washington and Kentucky, effective 31 December 1776. [KE, p. 495]

1855 – Louisville, KY. Kentucky School for the Blind locates on Frankfort Avenue. Having been established in 1842, the school has had several homes. [KE, p. 511]

1862 – Perryville, KY. Battle of Perryville. The Confederate hopes of taking the Commonwealth of Kentucky end with this horrifically bloody engagement.

1862 – five miles west of Lawrenceburg, Anderson County, KY. While the Battle of Perryville rages to the south, some of Major Jones M Withers’ Confederates skirmish with a rear-guard Union force commanded by General J.W. Still. [KE, p. 22]

1914 – Pittsburgh, PA. James Rees and Sons Company launches the hull of the ferry-excursion steamer Idlewild. She will be well-used as the Idelwild, and well-beloved as The Belle of Louisville. [EL, p. 85]

Births –

1802 – Madison County, VA. Albert Gallatin Hodges born. In 1833, he and editor Orlando Brown will found the Frankfort Commonwealth, which will become one of the best newspapers in the area. (See 16 March 1881.) [KE, p. 435-6]

Deaths –

1918 – Richmond, KY. Former governor James Bennett McCreary dies. (See 8 July 1838.) [KE, p. 594]

1940 – Pewee Valley, KY. Arthur A. Will dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 22 May 1871.) [EL, p. 942]

9 October –

1862 – McCall’s Spring, Anderson County, Kentucky. The day after the Battle of Perryville, Major General Edmund Kirby-Smith camps, before withdrawing from Kentucky. [KE, p. 22]

1893 – Lexington, KY. First Kentucky Futurity; won by Oro Wilkes. This is now the oldest classic stakes face for harness horses and the first trotting futurity. It is still run at the Red Mile each fall. [KE, p. 500]

1907 – Millersburg, KY. Building housing Millersburg Female College destroyed by fire. Previous building had burned over Christmas holidays 1878. In 1915, the school will be renamed Millersburg Military Institute. (See 5 March 1856; 20 February 1860.) [KE, p. 638]

1937 – Cincinnati, OH. “The Renfro Valley Barn Dance” debuts over WLW, at the Cincinnati Music Hall. It will later move to the Memorial Auditorium in Dayton, OH. The program is the creation of John Lee Lair, Red Foley, Cotton Foley, and Whitey Ford, a.k.a. “The Duke of Paducah.” (See 4 November 1939.) [KE, p. 530-1]

Births –

1830 – Lehigh County, PA. Charles Hermany born. He will become a self-educated civil engineer and will design the Louisville water system after arriving in the city in 1857. The water level in the Ohio varied forty feet throughout the year, and Hermany will design and build a new main water pump and reservoir at Zorn Avenue and River Road. These will be completed in 1873; followed by the 100-million-gallon reservoir system in Crescent Hill, completed in 1893. Hermany and Louisville will be nationally famous. (See 18 January 1908.) [EL, p. 427]

1838 – Butler County, KY. Thomas Henry Hines born. (See 16 March 1864; 7 November 1864; 23 January 1898.) [KE, p. 434]

1848 – Covington, KY. Frank Duveneck born. As a painter, he will be an important influence in the American Realist movement. (See 25 March 1866 and 3 January 1919 entries.) [KE, p. 276]

Deaths –

2002 – Louisville, KY. Randy Atcher dies. 

10 October –

1774 – Point Pleasant, WV. Battle of Point Pleasant, on Kanawah River, decisive battle Lord Dunmore’s War. Welshman Evan Shelby distinguishes himself, as does his son, Isaac Shelby. [Renau, p. 18] James Harrod leads a unit from Kentucky, which is a county of Virginia. The next year, the Virginia legislature recognizes these men as the Kentucky Militia. They are the parent group of the Kentucky National Guard. [KE, p. 670-1]

1785 – Kentucky. Virginia legislature incorporates town of Anonymous. The name soon became Campbell Town, in honor of John Campbell. It is not until 1803 that French settler/merchant/entrepreneurs call the town Shippingport. The last remnants will be swept away by the 1937 flood. [EL, p. 814-5]

1832 – Louisville, KY. Maria Julia Prather, daughter of Thomas Prather, and Henry Clay, Jr. marry. [EL, p. 205-6]

1864 – Eastport, MS. Sergeant John S. Darrough, of Mason County, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1922 – Marion K. Weil and Morris Flexner marry. They will live in his hometown of Louisville. Marion will join a women’s writing group, and with their encouragement, begin to submit articles to the Courier-Journal. She will become well-known for a variety of writing, but particularly cookbooks. [KE, p. 326]

1934 – Louisville, KY. Thomas Henry Robinson Jr. invades the Stoll home and kidnaps Mrs. Alice Speed Stoll. He demands $50,000 ransom. (See 16 October 1934; 6 June 1945.) [EL, p. 853]

Births –

1853 – Butler County, KY. William Sylvester Taylor born. He will be governor 1899-1900. (See 12 December 1899; 30 January 1900; 31 January 1900; 2 August 1928.) [KE, p. 869-70]

11 October –

1940 – Louisville, KY. Louisville Anzeigerand Deutsch Amerikabecomes Schuhmann Printing Company, a job-printing business. (See 28 February 1949; 4 March 1938.) [EL, p. 531-2]

1998 – Louisville, KY. A ten-year expansion and improvement program at Louisville International Airport culminates with the dedication of a twenty-four-story air traffic control tower, presiding over parallel runways. [EL, p. 9]

12 October –

1808 – Lexington, KY. Luke Usher’s New Theatre opens. [KE, p. 877-8]

1883 – Grayson, KY. Ellis Craft is hanged for his part in the Ashland Tragedy. . (See also 23 December 1881; 16 January 1882; 30 May 1882; 1 November 1882; and 27 March 1885 entries.) [KE, p. 38]

1918 – Cunel, France. Lt. Samuel Woodfill, of Fort Thomas, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1920 – Toronto, Canada. Man O’ War runs his last race. The $80,000 purse brings his career earnings to $249,465, a world record at the time. He retires to stud at Faraway Farm, in Kentucky. (See 29 March 1917; 19 June 1919; 13 August 1919; 1 November 1947.)  [KE, p. 607-8]

1934 – Louisville, KY. Kaelin’s Restaurant adds the cheeseburger to its menu; almost a full year before Humpty-Dumpty’s Barrel Drive-In in Denver, CO, claims to have invented it. (See 22 January 1934.) [KE, p. 456]

1952 – Sataeri, Korea. Pfc. Ernest Edison West, of Wurtland, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

Deaths –

1842 – Harrison County, KY. Joseph Desha dies. As governor of Kentucky, he saw the division of the court of appeals into the Old Court and the New Court; acquiesced to the opponents of New England Unitarian Horace Holley, who had brought Transylvania College to national recognition, and forced his resignation as president of the college; and pardoned his son Isaac, sentenced to hang for murder in 1824. (See also 9 December 1768 and 24 December 1824 entries.) [KE, p.264]

1882 – Louisville, KY. Edward Garland dies. He was Jefferson County judge 2 June 1851 – 5 September 1858. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [EL, p. 331]

13 October –

1864 – Irvine, KY. Confederate guerrillas burn the jail and ransack town. [KE, p. 457]

1873 – Louisville, KY. The original Macauley’s Theatre opens. (See 1 July 1873; 29 August 1925; 14 December 1925; 5 October 1972.) [KE, p. 589-90]

Births –

1837 – Wilmington, Delaware. Antoine Bidermann Du Pont born. He and his brother Alfred Victor will settle in Louisville, KY, in 1854. He will be a leading businessman, and will live in the estate built by his brother (present site of Central Park). [KE, p. 275]

1846 – near Maysville, KY. Augustus Everett Willson born. He will be governor 1907-11. (See 24 August 1931.) [KE, p. 958-9]

13-14 October –

1862 – Lancaster, KY. Rearguard cavalry commanded by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler and the advance guard of General Don Carlos Buell skirmish near the town. [KE, p. 533-4]

14 October –

1768 – South Carolina. Treaty of Hard Labour concluded between the British government and the Cherokee nation. The Cherokee are guaranteed land which includes Kentucky. They also are guaranteed some land along the Holston River which includes white settlements. The complaints from these settlers will lead to the Treaty of Lochaber, 18 October 1770. (See entry.) [KE, p. 405]

1803 – Louisville, KY. Meriwether Lewis arrives with the keelboat. William Clark will consider Louisville to be the start of the Voyage of Discovery. [EL, p. 509-10]

1843 – Platte City, MO. Kentuckian Thomas Reynolds, governor of Missouri, appoints David Rice Atchison to the Senate. He will lead the successful campaign to open Kansas to slavery, his “Border Ruffians” interfering in elections and intimidating anti-slavery settlers who came to Kansas. Both Kansas and Missouri have towns named in his honor. [KE, p. 38]

Deaths –

1816 – Bourbon County, KY. George Madison becomes the first Kentucky governor to die in office. He is buried in Frankfort Cemetery. (See 5 September 1816.) [KE, p. 601-2]

1876 – Louisville, KY-Jeffersonville, IN. James Howard drowns in the Ohio River, about 100 yards from his front door. [Kramer, p. 187]

15 October –

1796 – Kentucky Gazetteannounces that the Wilderness Road, from Cumberland Gap to the Kentucky settlements, is complete. [KE, p. 952-3]

1864 – Hardinsburg, KY. Citizens repel an attack by Confederate guerrillas. [KE, p. 405]

1936 – Lexington, KY. Keeneland Race Track opens with a nine day meet; 25,337 people attend. [Schrage and Clare., p. 95]

1944 – Louisville, KY. The Army Air Force School of Air Evacuation moves from Standiford Field to Randolph Field, San Antonio, TX. (See 6 October 1942.) [EL, p. 790]

Births –

1866 – Louisville, KY. John Andrew “Bud” Hillerich born. In 1884, at the family milling business, he will turn the first “Louisville Slugger” baseball bat for Pete Browning. (See 28 November 1846.) [EL, p. 387]

Deaths –

1810 – Louisville, KY. Evan Williams dies. His gravesite is unknown. (See 10 August 1755.) [EL, p. 943-4]

2008 – Los Angeles, CA. Jack Narz dies. (See 13 November 1922.) 

16 October –

 

1800 – Kentucky. The Grand Lodge of Kentucky, F & AM, organized; William Murray, grand master. [KE, p. 357-8]

1886 – Louisville, KY. The single track of the K&I Bridge opens with a special train. A commuter service to compete with the “Dinkey” on the Fourteenth Street Bridge was started immediately. These commuter trains are called “Daisies.” (See 1 April 1880; 22 June 1886; 1 January 1982.) [EL, p. 460-1]

1934 – Indianapolis, IN. & Nashville, TN. Robinson’s wife (IN) and father (TN) are arrested as soon as Alice Speed Stoll is safe. Thomas Robinson Jr however is nowhere to be found. He is not tracked down until May 1936, in Glendale, CA. He immediately pleads guilty in order to avoid the death penalty, then recants, demands a new trial, is found guilty and sentenced to death. (See 10 October 1934; 6 June 1945.) [EL, p. 853]

Births –

1761 – Spotsylvania County, VA. Bland Ballard born. (See also 31 March 1788 and 5 September 1853 entries.) [EL, p. 58]

1777 – Kentucky. Enoch Boone, youngest child of Squire and Jane Van Cleve Boone, born. He is the first white male born in Kentucky. 

Deaths –

1952 – Louisville, KY. Harry E. Tincher dies. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery. (See 29 June 1880.) [EL, p. 883]

17 October –

1917 – Louisville, KY. J. Graham Brown, under the supervision of the War Recreation Board, opens the Ha-Wi-An Gardens, a dancehall on the northwest corner of Fourth and Broadway. This is created specifically for soldiers from Camp Zachary Taylor. (See 2 October 1923.) [EL, p. 375]

Births –

1781 – Beargrass (now Louisville), KY. Richard Mentor Johnson born. He will be vice-president of the United States 1837-41; the only v-p elected by the Senate. In 1825, following the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit, he will establish the Choctaw Academy on his Blue Spring farm, near Great Crossing, Scott County, KY. [KE, p. 475]

Deaths –

1980 – Louisville, KY. Ethel B. Du Pont dies. She spent most of her life trying to improve living and working conditions for teachers. She is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [EL, p. 258]

18 October –

1770 – South Carolina. Treaty of Lochaber. A renegotiation of the 1768 Treaty of Hard Labour, the British pay 2,500 pounds sterling for more Cherokee land. A 1771 survey increases the British acquisition still more when the Louisa River is mistaken for a branch of the Big Sandy River, which is much further east. [KE, p. 566]

1779 – Williamsburg, VA. William Christian’s brother-in-law, Patrick Henry, signs the paperwork conveying Evan Shelby’s land in Jefferson County, Kentucky, to Isaac Shelby. [Lynn p. 45]

Deaths –

1931 – Thomas Alva Edison dies. (See 11 February 1847 entry.) [KE, p. 284]

19 October –

1781 – Yorktown, VA. General Lord Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington. [Renau, p. 20]

1818 – northwestern Mississippi. United States and Chickasaws sign land treaty. For money, the Chickasaws relinquish all lands east of the Mississippi River and north of the Mississippi state line. This includes Kentucky’s Jackson Purchase. (See 7 January 1819.) [KE, p. 460-2] This is the Jackson-Shelby treaty. Frankfort surveyor Luke Munsell prepares a map which is approximately the Kentucky of today. [KE, p. 662]

1862 – London, KY. General Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army retreats southward; for the rest of the war, Union troops pass through town almost continuously to and from the Confederacy. [KE, p. 570]

Births –

1810 – Tate’s Creek area of Madison County, KY. Cassius Marcellus Clay born. [KE, p. 199-200]

1898 – Gray, KY. Earl Dickens Wallace born. He will become an oil executive and will raise $12 million to restore Shakertown at Pleasant Hill and open it to the public in 1968. (See 3 April 1990.) [KE, p. 925-6]

1912 – Louisville, KY. W. Armin Willig born. He will be Jefferson County judge 29 September 1969 – 4 January 1970. (See 5 December 1992.) [EL, p. 944]

Deaths –

1974 – Louisville, KY. Frank Stanley Sr. dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See 6 April 1906.) [KE, p. 847]

20 October –

1794 – Bardstown, KY. John Rowan and Anne Lytle marry. In 1795, they begin to build Federal Hill on property her father gave them for a wedding present. Federal Hill is presently called My Old Kentucky Home. Rowan also realizes that no one owns the Falls of the Ohio. He registers a land claim. It will be well into the 20thcentury before the United States government pays his heirs to release all claim to the Falls. (See 12 July 1773; 31 July 1843.) [KE, p. 783]

1853 – Louisville, KY. Cornerstone laid for St. Martin of Tours Catholic Church. [EL, p. 778-9]

1862 – Coxes Creek, KY. John Hunt Morgan’s raiders capture and burn a Union wagon train. [KE, p. 51]

1865 – Nashville, TN. Champ Ferguson hanged. Most guerrilla fighters of the Civil War were given amnesty, but Ferguson was charged with fifty-three counts of murder. (See 29 November 1821 entry.) [KE, p. 313]

1870 – Chirichua Mountains, AZ. Private Thomas Sullivan, of Covington, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

1879 – Elliott County, KY. Some 200 armed Regulators take two alleged outlaws from the jail and hang them on the courthouse grounds. This is the first salvo in what will be known as the Regulator Uprising. Lawlessness swept the country in the wake of the Civil War. Often vigilantes rose to try to take back their communities. Vigilantes, or regulators, were particularly powerful in northeastern Kentucky 1879-81. Masked men swooped in on horseback to whip many victims and drive them out of the community. In addition to outlaws, they disciplined anyone they thought violated moral codes: adulterers, drunkards, abusers, derelicts, etc. (See 28 May 1880.) [KE, p. 762]

Births –

1785 – near Bound Brook, NJ. Daniel Drake born. Among his many contributions to medical science and practice, his suggestions in a series of lectures in 1841-42, lead to the 1842 establishment of the Kentucky School for the Blind. [KE, p. 270]

1913 – Henderson County, KY. Louis Marshall Jones born. He will famous at the Grand Ole Opry as “Grandpa Jones.” [KE, p. 480]

Deaths –

1922 – Burnett, TX. Adam Rankin Johnson dies. He is buried in the States Cemetery, Austin. (See 8 February 1834; 18 July 1862.) [KE, p. 472]

1983 – Merle Robert Travis dies. He is buried in Greenville, KY. (See 29 November 1917.) [KE, p. 898]

21 October –

1806 – Lexington, KY. The Kentucky Synod of the Presbyterian Church dissolves the Cumberland Presbytery, which had formed in the Great Revival. Minister still in good standing are transferred to the Transylvania Presbytery. [KE, p. 248-9]

1861 – Wildcat Mountain, KY. Battle of camp Wildcat. This is the first action for men of Captain Theophilus Toulmin Garrard. This encounter in eastern Kentucky, and Battle of Perryville in western Kentucky, end Confederate efforts to take the state. (See 7 June 1812; 8 October 1862 entries.) [KE, p. 364]

1891 – Louisville, KY. First meeting of Kentucky Bankers Association begins at Board of Trade Building. It will continue through 22 October. [EL, p. 465]

Births –

1785 – New Jersey. Henry M. Shreve born. He will become a steamboat man, living in Louisville. In 1827, he will design a snag boat, the Heliopolis. It is successful clearing log-jams on the western rivers, including a 200 mile long jam “The Great Raft” on the Red River, in Louisiana. Shreve’s base of operations for two years while clearing this will become Shreveport, LA. Many of the boats will be built, nicknamed “Uncle Sam’s toothpullers.” (See 6 March 1851.) [EL, p. 819-20]

1863 – Cincinnati, OH. Mary Guendaline Byrd Caldwell born. She and her sister, Mary Guendaline Byrd Caldwell, will be philanthropists and property owners in Louisville, and elsewhere. Both will marry European nobles. They will be buried together in Cave Hill Cemetery; their monument being one of the most notable in a cemetery filled with notable monuments. (See also 26 December 1865; 16 December 1910; and 5 October 1909 entries.) [EL, p. 155-6]

Deaths –

1970 – Shreveport, LA. John Thomas Scopes dies. He is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Paducah, KY. (See 3 August 1900; 10 July 1925.) [KE, p. 803]

22 October –

1980 – Bardwell, KY. An arsonist destroys the Carlisle County courthouse. [KE, p. 52]

Births –

1764 – Spotsylvania County, VA. Henry Crist born. He will be an early settler in Kentucky, surviving the Battle of the Kettles at Bullitt’s Lick. [KE, p. 239-40]

1783 – Constantinople, Turkey. Constantine Samuel Rafinesque born. After visiting John James Audubon in Henderson, KY, he will teach and study at Transylvania University, in Lexington, 1819-26. These will be some of his most productive years, though always an embattled – and battling – genius. [KE, p. 752-3] Purportedly, upon being dismissed, he curses the school.

1896 – Earle Chester Clements born. He will be elected governor in 1947, and will resign on 27 November 1950 to run for a United States Senate seat. [KE, p. 206]

Deaths –

1813 – Kentucky. Charles Scott dies. He was governor 1808-12. Buried on his estate Canewood, he is later moved to Frankfort Cemetery. [KE, p. 803-4]

1853 – Louisville, KY. Dr. William Craig Galt dies. (See 8 April 1777.) [EL, p. 327]

1923 – Louisville, KY. Antoine Bidermann Du Pont dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. [KE, p. 275]

23 October –

1816 – Armistead Churchill arrested. [Renau, p. 110]

1861 – Hodgenville, KY. A skirmish. [KE, p. 435]

1902 – Pewee Valley, KY. Governor JCW Beckham hosts the opening of the Kentucky Confederate Home. [KE, p. 222]

1929 – Louisville, KY. President Herbert Hoover arrives by boat from Cincinnati to mark the completion of the canalization of the Ohio River system. The project provided a nine-foot deep channel, year round.

1929 – Jeffersonville, IN. After crossing the Municipal Bridge [now the George Rogers Clark Bridge], President Herbert Hoover goes by automobile caravan out Market Street to the Howard Ship Yards, where he launches the Loretta M. Howard, a state of the art towboat.

Births –

1835 – Christian County, KY. Adlai Ewing Stevenson born. He will be vice-president of the United States in Grover Cleveland’s second administration. (See 14 June 1914.) [KE, p. 854]

24 October –

1945 – Owensboro, KY. First meeting of Kentucky Broadcasters Association. [KE, p. 491]

Deaths –

1940 – Louisville, KY. James Buckner Brown dies. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. (See also 28 November 1872; 17 November 1930; 12 December 1930; and 27 February 1931 entries.) [EL, p. 131-2]

1979 – Louisville, KY. C. Douglas Ramey dies. He is buried in East Point, KY. (See 4 October 1908.) [EL, p. 748]

25 October –

1805 – Tellico Blockhouse, TN. Third Treaty of Tellico. The Cherokee nation cedes 7,032 square miles of land in Tennessee; 1,086 square miles south of the Cumberland River (now Bell, Whitley and McCreary counties in Kentucky). The Cherokee receive $14,000 in cash and goods, and a $3,000 annuity. White settlers are already on the lands ceded, their “Tellico claims” will have to be formally, i.e. legally, recognized. [KE, p. 874]

1944 – Surigao Strait, the Philippines. The U.S.S. Louisvilleis the flagship of United States forces at this victory, the largest naval surface battle of World War II. (See 1 September 1930; 15 January 1931; 7 December 1941; 17 June 1946; 14 September 1959; 8 November 1986.) [KE, p. 578]

Births –

1935 – Louisville, KY. Betty Layman Receveur born. Married at 14 and mother of three, she will become a well-known novelist. [KE, p. 758]

26 October –

1803 – Clarksville, IN. Jonathan Clark’s diary: “Rain at Louisville at Clarksville Capt Lewis and Capt Wm. Clark set of on Western tour – went in their boat to Mr. Temples lay Do.”

1859 – Lawrenceburg, KY. Anderson County’s first courthouse destroyed by fire. [KE, p. 537]

1918 – Fort Knox, KY. Godman Army Airfield opens. It is named for Lt. Louis K. Godman, a pilot in the Army Signal Corps, killed in a crash in Columbia, SC, 28 September 1918. [KE, p. 376-7]

1970 – Muhammad Ali defeats Jerry Quarry in his first bout after regaining boxing license. [EL, p. 23]

27 October –

1800 – Knox County, KY. Barbourville is selected over Flat Lick as the seat of Knox County. [KE, p. 51]

1941 – Fort Knox, KY. Company D. 192d Tank Battalion leaves for the Philippines. (See 24 June 1932 20 November 1940; 8 December 1941.) [KE, p. 415]

1969 – Louisville, KY. The longest, costliest strike in the history of General Electric’s Appliance Park begins. (See 1 February 1970.) [EL, p. 333-4]

Births –

1827 – Lauterbach, Germany. Albert Fink born. Working for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, he will develop the Fink-truss for railroad bridges. Coming to work for the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, in 1857, he built the second-longest iron bridge in the nation, south of Munfordville, and in 1859, completed the Jefferson County courthouse, which had stood a-building for some twenty-years. During the Civil War, he kept the L&N running as efficiently as possible. (See 3 April 1897 entry.) [KE, p. 319]

1965 – Louisville, KY. Mary Terstegge Meagher born. She will win national, international and Olympic swimming competitions using the butterfly stroke and earning the nickname “Madame Butterfly.” [KE, p. 623]

28 October –

1811 – Louisville, KY. Steamboat New Orleans, financed by Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston, captained by Nicholas Roosevelt accompanied by his wife and daughter, lands at Louisville.

1864 – Kentucky. Stephen G. Burbridge issues a proclamation asking Kentuckyians to see any surplus hogs to the United States government. Army agents then aligned with packers, prohibited interstate hog shipments, required permits to drive swine to market, and offered a lower than market price to the trapped farmers. The scheme operated for a month before being closed by order of President Abraham Lincoln. The Great Hog Swindle cost Kentucky farmers at least $300,000, and drove loyal Kentuckians away from the administration and into the Southern sympathizers. [KE, p. 386]

1984 – Nancy, KY. An official military burial ceremony honors Brent Woods. (See 19 August 1881; 21 July 1894; 31 March 1906; 20 June 1984.) [KE, p. 222-224] [KE, p. 967]

29 October –

1785 – Meade County, KY. Four churches meet to form what will become the Salem Association of Baptists. [KE, p. 622-3]

1921 – Harvard Stadium. In the second football match with Centre College, the Praying Colonels defeat the Harvard Crimson, 6-0. [KE, p. 178]

1929 – Stock market crashes, beginning The Great Depression.

1960 – Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight, defeating Tunney Hunsaker in a six-round decision. [EL, p. 23]

1982 – Frankfort, KY. Governor John Y. Brown Jr. establishes the Governor’s Scholars Program (GSP), a five-week, summer academic enrichment program for Kentucky’s highest-achieving high school seniors. The liberal arts program will stress concepts over fact, discussion over lecture, and collaboration over competition. [KE, p. 381]

Births –

1923 – Springfield, KY. Georgia Montgomery Powers born. She will be the first woman and the first African American elected to the Kentucky Senate (1968-89). She will fight for African Americans, women, children, the poor and the handicapped. [KE, p. 733]

Deaths –

1873 – Louisville, KY. Philip Tomppert dies. He is buried in Eastern Cemetery. (See 21 June 1808; 28 December 1865; 2 January 1866; 14 February 1867; 29 October 1873.) [EL, p. 887]

30 October –

1944 – St. Jacques, France. Pfc. Wilburn K. Ross, of Strunk, KY, earns the Congressional Medal of Honor. [KE, p. 222-224]

Births –

1811 – Louisville, KY. Henry Latrobe Roosevelt born aboard the New Orleans.

Deaths –

1890 – Louisville, KY. William J. Simmons, president of the Kentucky Normal and Theological Institute from 1880 to 1890, dies. He is buried in Eastern Cemetery. (See 17 December 1802; 31 August 1830; 29 June 1849; and 3 November 1872.) [KE, p. 822]

1894 – Louisville, KY. Mary Millicent Miller dies. She is buried in Portland Cemetery. (See 3 August 1965; 16 February 1884.) [KE, p. 638]

31 October –

1719 – Wales. Evan Shelby, Jr., baptized.

1832 – New York, NY.  Benjamin Bosworth Smith consecrated first Episcopal bishop of Kentucky at St. Paul’s Chapel. His diocese has six parishes: Lexington, Louisville, Danville, Henderson, Paris and Hopkinsville. Needing clergy, he will found the Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal church in 1834 in Lexington, KY. In 1837, he is tried and acquitted in ecclesiastical court of “illegal and arbitrary conduct.” (See 13 June 1784; 31 May 1884.) [KE, p. 829]

1845 – Frankfort, KY. Frankfort Cemetery offers lots for sale at public auction. [KE, p. 354]

1858 – Louisville, KY. Three Ursuline Sisters arrive to begin coeducational classes at St. Martin of Tours Catholic Church. Reverend Leander Streber has arranged for the sisters to come. [EL, p. 778-9]

1935 – Louisville, KY. Louisville and Interurban Railroad Company abandons Prospect line. [EL, p. 418-20]

Births –

1835 – Louisville, KY. Mary Carmichael Settles born. (See 31 January 1859; 18 September 1910; 29 March 1923.) [KE, p. 810]

Deaths –

1826 – Richmond, KY. Green Clay dies. [KE, p. 200]

1869 – Kentucky. Charles Anderson Wickliffe dies. He is buried in Bardstown. (See 8 June 1788.) [KE, p. 950-1]

 

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